• Eur Spine J · Dec 2021

    The odontoid-CSVL distance in a global population of asymptomatic volunteers: normative values and implications for spinal coronal alignment.

    • Scott L Zuckerman, Zeeshan M Sardar, Christopher S Lai, Gerard F Marciano, Mena G Kerolus, Ian A Buchanan, Alex S Ha, Meghan Cerpa, Michael P Kelly, Stéphane Bourret, Kazuhiro Hasegawa, Hee-Kit Wong, Gabriel Liu, HeyHwee Weng DennisHWDDepartment of Orthopedic Surgery, National University Hospital (Singapore), 5 Lower Kent Ridge Rd, Singapore, 119074, Singapore., Hend Riahi, Jean-Charles Le Huec, and Lawrence G Lenke.
    • Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Columbia University Medical Center, The Och Spine Hospital at New York Presbyterian, New York, USA.
    • Eur Spine J. 2021 Dec 1; 30 (12): 3639-3646.

    PurposeIn a population of asymptomatic volunteers across 5 countries, we sought to: (a) establish normative values of the Odontoid-Central Sacral Vertical Line (OD-CSVL) across patient factors, and (b) assess correlations of OD-CSVL with other radiographic parameters.MethodsA prospective, cross-sectional study of asymptomatic adult volunteers, ages 18-80 years, were enrolled across 5 countries (France, Japan, Singapore, Tunisia, United States) forming the Multi-Ethnic Alignment Normative Study (MEANS) cohort. Included volunteers had no known spinal disorder(s), no significant neck/back pain (VAS ≤ 2; ODI ≤ 20), and no significant scoliosis (Cobb ≤ 20°). Radiographic measurements included commonly used coronal alignment parameters (mm) and angles (°). OD-CSVL was defined as the difference between the odontoid plumb line (line from the tip of the odontoid vertically down) and the CSVL (vertical line from the center of the sacrum). Chi-square, student's t tests, Kruskal-Wallis, Wilcoxon rank-sum, linear regression, and Pearson's correlation were used with significance at p < 0.05.Results467 volunteers were included with normative OD-CSVL values by age decade, gender, BMI, and country. Mean ± SD OD-CSVL was 8.3 mm ± 6.5 mm and 31 (6.6%) volunteers were almost perfectly aligned (OD-CSVL < 1 mm). A linear relationship was seen between OD-CSVL with both age (p < 0.001) and BMI (p = 0.015). Significant variation was seen between OD-CSVL and 5 different ethnicities (p = 0.004). OD-CSVL correlated best with other coronal radiographic parameters, C7-CSVL (r = 0.743, p < 0.001), OD-knee (r = 0.230, p < 0.001), CAM-knee (r = 0.612, p < 0.001), and regional TL cobb angle (r = 0.4214, p = 0.005).ConclusionAmong asymptomatic volunteers, increased OD-CSVL was significantly associated with increased age, increased BMI, and ethnicity, but not gender. OD-CSVL correlated strongest with C7-CSVL, TL cobb angle, OD-knee, and CAM-knee. OD-CSVL. These results support further study of OD-CSVL in symptomatic adult spine deformity patients.© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

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