• Reg Anesth Pain Med · Jan 2018

    Comparative Study

    Analgesic Drug Prescription After Carpal Tunnel Surgery: A Pharmacoepidemiological Study Investigating Postoperative Pain.

    • Régis Fuzier, Isabelle Serres, Robert Bourrel, Aurore Palmaro, and Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre.
    • Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2018 Jan 1; 43 (1): 19-24.

    Background And ObjectivesCarpal tunnel syndrome is a frequent cause of neuropathic pain of the upper limb. Surgery is often proposed in second-line treatment, leading to an expected decrease in analgesic drug consumption. The main objective of this study was to investigate the variations in analgesic drug prescriptions, with a special focus on constant or increasing prescription patterns, before and after surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome.MethodsWe designed a retrospective cohort study of French beneficiaries from the health insurance system in Midi-Pyrénées area. All patients undergoing carpel tunnel surgery during a specified period were identified and included. Definition of increased or constant prescription of analgesics was based on the comparison of the accumulated defined daily doses received by months and a difference between early preoperative (2 months before) and late postoperative period (2-12 months after surgery) superior to a -3.5 margin. We performed 4 multivariate logistic regression models to identify factors associated with increased or constant analgesic drug prescription patterns (for all analgesics, opioid, antineuropathic, nonopioid drugs).ResultsAmong the 3665 patients included, 3255 (89%) received at least 1 analgesic drug during the late postoperative period (39% [n = 1426] for opioids and 15% [n = 563] for antineuropathic drugs). Prescription of analgesic, opioid, or antineuropathic drugs was maintained or increased in the late postoperative period in 11%, 5%, and 3% of the population, respectively. High levels of preoperative pain and female sex were associated with an increase in opioid use, whereas inpatient surgery (vs ambulatory surgery), high levels of preoperative pain, and psychiatric disorders were found to be associated with an increase in antineuropathic drug use.ConclusionsThis study revealed that approximately 3% to 5% of patients undergoing carpal tunnel surgery had persistent and even increased use of opioid or antineuropathic drugs more than 2 months after surgery, in relation with possible chronic postoperative pain. Considering the incidence of carpal tunnel syndrome, the risks associated with persistent opioid use in this population should be further monitored.

      Pubmed     Full text   Copy Citation     Plaintext  

      Add institutional full text...

    Notes

     
    Knowledge, pearl, summary or comment to share?
    300 characters remaining
    help        
    You can also include formatting, links, images and footnotes in your notes
    • Simple formatting can be added to notes, such as *italics*, _underline_ or **bold**.
    • Superscript can be denoted by <sup>text</sup> and subscript <sub>text</sub>.
    • Numbered or bulleted lists can be created using either numbered lines 1. 2. 3., hyphens - or asterisks *.
    • Links can be included with: [my link to pubmed](http://pubmed.com)
    • Images can be included with: ![alt text](https://bestmedicaljournal.com/study_graph.jpg "Image Title Text")
    • For footnotes use [^1](This is a footnote.) inline.
    • Or use an inline reference [^1] to refer to a longer footnote elseweher in the document [^1]: This is a long footnote..

    hide…

What will the 'Medical Journal of You' look like?

Start your free 21 day trial now.

We guarantee your privacy. Your email address will not be shared.