• Eur J Anaesthesiol · Aug 2019

    Effects of goal-directed crystalloid vs. colloid fluid therapy on microcirculation during free flap surgery: A prospective randomised clinical trial.

    • Ildikó László, Ágnes Janovszky, András Lovas, Viktória Vargán, Nándor Öveges, Tamás Tánczos, András Mikor, Domonkos Trásy, Zoltán Lóderer, József Piffkó, Andrea Szabó, and Zsolt Molnár.
    • Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2019 Aug 1; 36 (8): 592-604.

    BackgroundMacro, and microcirculatory effects of crystalloids and colloids are difficult to compare, because interventions to achieve haemodynamic stability seldom follow similar criteria.ObjectivesOur aim was to compare the effects of crystalloids and colloids on the microcirculation during free flap surgery when management was guided by detailed haemodynamic assessment.DesignA randomised, controlled clinical trial.SettingsThe investigation was performed at the University of Szeged, Hungary.PatientsPatients undergoing maxillofacial tumour resection and free flap reconstruction were randomised into groups treated with either intra-operative crystalloid (Ringerfundin, n = 15) or colloid (6% hydroxyethyl starch, HES, n = 15) solutions.InterventionsMacrohaemodynamics were monitored by a noncalibrated device (PulsioFlex-PULSION). Central venous oxygen saturation, venous-to-arterial PCO2-gap, lactate levels and urine output were measured hourly. Maintenance fluid was Ringerfundin (1 ml kg h), and a multimodal, individualised, approach-based algorithm was applied to guide haemodynamic support. Hypovolaemia was treated with Ringerfundin or HES fluid boluses, respectively. The microcirculatory effects were assessed by laser-Doppler flowmetry (PeriFlux 5000 LDPM), with the probe placed on the flap and on a control area. Measurements were performed after the flap was prepared, then 1 and 12 h later.Main Outcome MeasuresThe primary end-point was microcirculatory perfusion as determined by laser-Doppler flowmetry.ResultsThere was no difference between the groups regarding patient characteristics. Both groups remained haemodynamically stable throughout due to the use of approximately a 1.5 times higher total fluid volume in the Ringerfundin group than in the HES group: mean ± SD: 2581 ± 986 and 1803 ± 497) ml, respectively, (P = 0.011). There was no significant difference in the microcirculatory blood flow between the groups.ConclusionOur results showed that when fluid management was guided by detailed haemodynamic assessment, more crystalloid than colloid was needed to maintain haemodynamic stability, but there was no difference between the effects of crystalloids and colloids on the microcirculation.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov NCT03288051.

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