Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study
Accurately identifying the cricothyroid membrane is foundational for front-of-neck rescue of airway misadventure. Yet the very patients who are at risk of a cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate scenario (eg. obese, neck pathology) are also likely to make identifying the cricothyroid membrane (CTM) difficult.
Naveed and co. compared the accuracy of CTM palpation to ultrasound in a single-blinded randomized trial of 223 patients, with poorly defined landmarks, undergoing CT neck.
The ultrasound group showed a 10-time greater success in identifying the CTM (correct within 5 mm of actual; 81% vs 8%), along with a 5-times smaller mean distance from actual to estimated, than did the palpation group.
So what's the take home?
Given the wide-availability of ultrasound and it's acceptability to patients, any pre-induction marking of the CTM in an anticipated difficult airway should employ neck ultrasound in all but the most obviously-palpable necks.
In an emergent CICO situation, neck ultrasound likely has utility, though at the potential cost of procedural complexity and delay.summary
Intracranial and Hemodynamic Changes after Succinylcholine Administration in Cats. By Cottrell JE, Hartung J, Giffin JP, and Shwiry B. Anesthesia & Analgesia 1983; 62:1006-9. ⋯ These approximately 100% increases in ICP were accompanied by a transitory decrease in mean arterial pressure (approximately 10 s), followed by a 15 to 20% increase (P less than 0.05). Pulmonary arterial pressure increased 20 to 30% (P less than 0.05). These results, when considered in conjunction with results previously obtained in humans, suggest that succinylcholine may be contraindicated in neurosurgical patients.
Quality has been defined by six domains: effective, equitable, timely, efficient, safe, and patient centered. Quality of anesthesia care can be improved through measurement, either through local measures in quality improvement or through national measures in value-based purchasing programs. Death directly related to anesthesia care has been reduced, but must be measured beyond simple mortality. ⋯ Anesthesiologists can also impact public health by being engaged in improving cognitive recovery after surgery and addressing the opiate crisis. Going forward, we must focus on what patients want and deserve: improved patient-oriented outcomes and satisfaction with our care. By listening to our patients and being engaged in the entire perioperative process, we can make the greatest impact on perioperative care.