Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study Clinical Trial
Twenty patients with post-herpetic neuralgia (median duration 28.5 months) were randomly allocated to receive transdermal iontophoresis of either vincristine or saline. Although significant improvement in pain by word score and visual analogue scale (P = 0.05) was reported by 6 out of 10 of the vincristine group, none of the patients considered themselves 'cured.' There was no significant change in the saline group. ⋯ The dramatic relief of pain in patients with post-herpetic neuralgia of 3 months or less reported elsewhere was not seen in our group who had pain of a longer duration. This present trial does not confirm the value of vincristine iontophoresis in the treatment of post-herpetic neuralgia of over 6 months duration.
Randomized Controlled Trial Clinical Trial
Regional intravenous guanethidine blocks and stellate ganglion blocks have been compared in a randomized trial. Nineteen patients, randomly allocated to two groups of therapy and exhibiting severe reflex sympathetic dystrophy following peripheral nerve lesions, have been treated. ⋯ Concerning the therapeutic effects (changes in pain scores and clinical signs--hyperpathia, allodynia, vasomotor disturbances, trophic changes, oedema and limited motion), recorded at the end of treatment and 1 month and 3 months follow-up, an intravenous guanethidine block carried out every 4 days up to a total of 4 blocks is comparable with a stellate ganglion block every day up to a total of 8 blocks. The results of this study show that regional sympathetic block with guanethidine is a good therapeutic tool in the treatment of reflex dystrophies, especially on account of its negligible risks and contraindications.