Annals of plastic surgery
The purposes of this study were to quantify the amount of opioid medication used postoperatively in the hospital setting after abdominally based microsurgical breast reconstruction, to determine factors that are associated with increased opioid use, and to identify other adjunctive medications that may contribute to decreased opioid use. ⋯ Bilateral reconstruction and longer surgery resulted in increased postoperative mme. Patients with no preoperative pain required less opioids than did patients with preexisting pain. Patients with good initial postoperative pain control required less opioids than did patients with poor initial postoperative pain control. Intravenous acetaminophen and oral ibuprofen were found to significantly decrease postoperative mme.