European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society
Clinical and radiographic evolution of graduate patients treated with magnetically controlled growing rods: results of a French multicentre study of 90 patients.
The purpose of this study was to investigate patients with early-onset scoliosis (EOS) who completed their electromagnetic lengthening rod program to assess the demographics of this population and to analyze the evolution of clinical and radiological parameters and the occurrence of complications. ⋯ MCGR, allow to decrease the number of surgeries, to progressively improve the scoliotic deformity and to reach a satisfactory thoracic height at the price of an important complication rate linked in particular to the complexity of the management of patients with an EOS.
The influence of osteoporotic vertebral fractures on global sagittal alignment in elderly patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Thoracic kyphosis, or loss of lumbar lordosis, is often equated with osteoporosis because vertebral fractures are assumed to be a major causative factor, in addition to degeneration related to age. Despite the few studies aiming to measure the natural change in global sagittal alignment (GSA) that occurs with advancing age, the overall effect of conservatively managed osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) on the GSA in the elderly remains poorly understood. ⋯ Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures managed conservatively appear to be a significant causate factor of global sagittal imbalance.
Clinical and radiographic features of adult calcified thoracic disc herniation: a retrospective analysis of 31 cases.
To analyze the clinical and radiographic characteristics of calcified thoracic disc herniation (CTDH) and explore the possible pathogeneses. ⋯ Adult CTDH is a special thoracic disc disease with insidious onset, a long course, and a high spinal canal-occupying ratio. Calcium deposits in the spinal canal originate from the nucleus pulposus. The intraoperative findings and postoperative pathology of subtypes are different, which might indicate different pathological mechanisms.
Risk factors for postoperative sympathetic chain dysfunction following oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion: a multivariate analysis.
Postoperative sympathetic chain dysfunction (PSCD) was a relatively common complication after anterior lumbar interbody fusion due to the manipulation adjacent to the lumbar sympathetic chain (LSC). This study aimed to investigate the incidence of PSCD and identify its related independent risk factors after oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) surgery. ⋯ This study identified the lumbar dextroscoliosis and the "tear-drop" psoas as independent risk factors for the development of PSCD after OLIF. Spine alignment examination and the morphological identification of psoas major muscle should be highly noticed for the PSCD prevention following OLIF.
Risk of further surgery after decompression in patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis extending to the lumbar segments: focus on the number of residual lumbar/lumbosacral and sacroiliac mobile segments.
Patients with diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) that extends to the lumbar segments (L-DISH) have a high risk of further surgery after lumbar decompression. However, few studies have focused on the ankylosis status of the residual caudal segments, including the sacroiliac joint (SIJ). We hypothesized that patients with more ankylosed segments beside the operated level, including the SIJ, would be at a higher risk of further surgery. ⋯ L-DISH patients with fewer than three mobile caudal segments besides index decompression levels are at a high risk of further surgery. Ankylosis status of the residual lumbar segments and SIJ should be thoroughly evaluated using CT during preoperative planning.