Obstetrics and gynecology
This follow-up paper to Hawkin's original "Anesthesia-related deaths during obstetric delivery in the United States, 1979-1990" showed a dramatic improvement in the relative risk of cesarean section death with general vs regional anesthesia compared with the original 1979-1990.
Where previously (1979-1990) the relative risk of death during GA CS was 16.7, from 1997-2002 the relative risk had fallen to 1.7. Worryingly though this was both due to a falling mortality rate for GA CS and an increasing mortality rate for regional anesthesia CS.
Cesarean section under general anesthesia still exposes mothers to an increased risk of perioperative death, but this risk is much lower than previously, likely due to better anesthesia training, supervision and respect of the obstetric airway.summary