Review Meta Analysis
Randomized Controlled Trial Multicenter Study Comparative Study
Unintended intraoperative awareness, which occurs when general anesthesia is not achieved or maintained, affects up to 1% of patients at high risk for this complication. We tested the hypothesis that a protocol incorporating the electroencephalogram-derived bispectral index (BIS) is superior to a protocol incorporating standard monitoring of end-tidal anesthetic-agent concentration (ETAC) for the prevention of awareness. ⋯ The superiority of the BIS protocol was not established; contrary to expectations, fewer patients in the ETAC group than in the BIS group experienced awareness. (Funded by the Foundation for Anesthesia Education and Research and others; BAG-RECALL ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00682825.).
To demonstrate a possible alternative treatment for postdural puncture headache (PDPH). ⋯ When comparing the risks of a transnasal SPGB, which include bleeding and temporary discomfort, against those of an EBP, which are documented as dural puncture, neurologic complications, bleeding, and infection, it seems reasonable to offer the SPGB before EBP.
Placental abruption may cause significant haemorrhage and coagulopathy that can progress rapidly due to simultaneous consumption and depletion of clotting factors. Plasma fibrinogen levels are predictive of further haemorrhage. Rapid detection and treatment of hypofibrinogenaemia is essential in the evolving clinical and haematological situation. ⋯ We describe four cases of placental abruption, haemorrhage and severe coagulopathy that span the introduction of the algorithm. Three cases were associated with intrauterine death and the fourth with delivery of an extremely premature neonate. Rotational thromboelastometry was used in all cases but methods of fibrinogen replacement differ, illustrating evolving management of the condition in our unit.
Older patients undergoing emergency general surgery (EGS) experience high rates of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Studies focused primarily on elective surgery indicate that frailty is an important predictor of adverse outcomes in older surgical patients. The population-level effect of frailty on EGS is poorly described. Therefore, our objective was to measure the association of preoperative frailty with outcomes in a population of older patients undergoing EGS. ⋯ After EGS, frailty is associated with increased rates of mortality, institutional discharge, and resource use. Strategies that might improve perioperative outcomes in frail EGS patients need to be developed and tested.