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    Is preoperative ranitidine effective at reducing induction aspiration?

       

    Daniel Jolley.

    8 articles.

    Created September 2, 2019, last updated 2 months ago.


    Collection: 110, Score: 23, Trend score: 0, Read count: 24, Articles count: 8, Created: 2019-09-02 10:17:06 UTC. Updated: 2019-09-14 07:49:23 UTC.

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    Collected Articles

    • Anesthesia and analgesia · Nov 2003

      Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study Clinical Trial

      The effect of intravenous pantoprazole and ranitidine for improving preoperative gastric fluid properties in adults undergoing elective surgery.

      We studied pantoprazole, a new potent and fast-acting proton pump inhibitor. Its effects on preoperative gastric fluid volume and pH have not yet been determined. In this randomized, controlled trial, we examined the effects of preoperative IV pantoprazole or ranitidine on gastric pH and volume. Ninety patients (ASA status I and II, scheduled for elective surgery) were studied. One hour before surgery, patients in Group I (n = 30) were given IV saline 5 mL, those in Group II (n = 30) were given 40 mg of pantoprazole IV, and those in Group III (n = 30) were given 50 mg of ranitidine IV. A nasogastric tube was inserted immediately after anesthesia induction. Gastric contents were aspirated, and volume and pH were recorded. The pH values determined in Group I were 3.73 +/- 0.82; in Group II, they were 5.30 +/- 1.84; and in Group III, they were 4.80 +/- 1.40. There was no statistical difference between Groups 2 and 3, but there was a significant difference between Group I and Groups 2 and 3 (P < 0.0005). The volume of the gastric contents was 28.67 +/- 10.98 mL in Group I, 15.20 +/- 15.52 mL in Group II, and 7.77 +/- 11.17 mL in Group III. There was no statistical difference between Groups 2 and 3, but there was a statistically significant difference between Group I and Groups 2 and 3 (P < 0.0005). The proportion of patients considered "at risk" of significant lung injury should aspiration occur was 20% of Group I, 10% of Group II, and 3.3% of Group III. When statistically evaluated, there was no difference among groups. We concluded that the administration of IV pantoprazole and ranitidine 1 h before surgery is effective in reducing gastric pH and volume. ⋯ This randomized, controlled trial examined the effects of preoperative IV pantoprazole or ranitidine on gastric pH and volume. We concluded that IV pantoprazole and ranitidine, given 1 h before surgery, are effective in reducing gastric pH and volume.

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    • Eur J Anaesthesiol · Apr 2004

      Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study Clinical Trial

      A comparison of the effects of ranitidine and omeprazole on volume and pH of gastric contents in elective surgical patients.

      In cases of aspiration of gastric contents the risk of pneumonitis is dependent on the pH and volume of the gastric contents. Omeprazole and rantidine each decrease gastric volume and increase gastric pH. We evaluated the efficacy of preoperative administration of omeprazole (60 mg) or ranitidine (150 mg) in the prophylaxis of aspiration pneumonitis. ⋯ Preoperative oral administration of omeprazole (60 mg) or ranitidine (150 mg) reduced residual gastric content volume and increased pH > 2.5, possibly reducing the effects of pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents.

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    • Yonsei medical journal · Jun 2006

      Randomized Controlled Trial

      Effects of metoclopramide and ranitidine on preoperative gastric contents in day-case surgery.

      This prospective, randomized, double-blinded study was performed to evaluate the effects of intravenous metoclopramide and ranitidine on preoperative gastric contents in outpatients receiving intravenous anesthesia for laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. Fifteen minutes before the induction of anesthesia, the Z-M group (n=20) received 50 mg ranitidine and 10 mg metoclopramide intravenously and the control group (n=20) received the same volume of normal saline. Before the surgery, a 14-F multiorifice nasogastric tube was inserted to aspirate the gastric contents of patients under sedation with propofol and midazolam. ⋯ The mean aspirated volumes (mL) were 15.3 +/- 10.4 (SD) [median 11.0 (range: 5.0-44.0)] in the control group, and 6.9 +/- 10.0 (SD) [median 4.5 (range: 0-38.0)] in the Z-M group. There were significantly more high-risk (gastric fluid volumes > 25 mL and pH < 2.5) patients in the control group (4/20, 20%) than in the Z-M group (1/20, 5%). In conclusion, intravenous prophylactic ranitidine and metoclopramide may be an easy and useful method to decrease the volume while increasing the pH of gastric contents, and therefore may reduce the number of patients at risk for aspiration pneumonitis in ambulatory laparoscopic procedures who receive an anesthesia.

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    • J Clin Anesth · Feb 2008

      Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study

      Effect of preoperative oral erythromycin, erythromycin-ranitidine, and ranitidine-metoclopramide on gastric fluid pH and volume.

      To determine whether combining erythromycin with ranitidine is more efficacious than erythromycin or established ranitidine-metoclopramide combination in reducing the volume and acidity of gastric aspirate. ⋯ Erythromycin and ranitidine combination is more efficacious than erythromycin alone in reducing the acidity and volume of gastric fluid. No difference was found between erythromycin-ranitidine and ranitidine-metoclopramide combination.

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    • Saudi J Anaesth · Jan 2011

      Evaluating ranitidine, pantoprazole and placebo on gastric pH in elective surgery.

      Concern about the grim nature of postoperative acid aspiration syndrome grew among the anesthesiologist over the years warranting the need for pre-emptive intervention. The aim of the study is to compare the effects of preoperative oral ranitidine versus pantoprazole given in regulating gastric pH in elective surgery. ⋯ From the observations and analyses of the present study, it can be inferred that ranitidine is more effective than pantoprazole to raise the gastric pH for prevention of aspiration pneumonitis.

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    • J Clin Anesth · Aug 2015

      Comparative evaluation of gastric pH and volume in morbidly obese and lean patients undergoing elective surgery and effect of aspiration prophylaxis.

      The anesthetic management of patients with morbid obesity is challenging. There is no consensus on the routine use of aspiration prophylaxis in morbidly obese patients undergoing elective surgery. ⋯ Morbidly obese patients undergoing elective surgery are at a higher risk for regurgitation and pulmonary aspiration when compared with lean patients. Preoperative aspiration prophylaxis decreases gastric volume and increases gastric pH and thus should be routinely prescribed.

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    • Pharmacotherapy · Mar 1995

      Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study Clinical Trial

      The effect of three different ranitidine dosage regimens on reducing gastric acidity and volume in ambulatory surgical patients.

      To evaluate three different preoperative oral dosing regimens of ranitidine in ambulatory patients who had significant risk of aspiration pneumonitis (gastric pH < or = 2.5 or volume > or = 25 ml at intubation or extubation). ⋯ Ranitidine 150 mg twice/day preoperatively reduced to the greatest degree the percentage of patients who developed significant risk factors for aspiration pneumonitis after surgery under general anesthesia.

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    • Anesthesia and analgesia · Nov 1986

      Randomized Controlled Trial Clinical Trial

      Preoperative oral fluids: is a five-hour fast justified prior to elective surgery?

      The effects of preoperative oral administration of 150 ml fluid were studied prospectively in 140 unpremedicated, ambulatory outpatients presenting for first trimester therapeutic abortion. Intraoperative gastric fluid volume, pH, and rate of gastric emptying were measured in the four groups to which patients were randomly assigned. At an average time of 2 1/2 hr preoperatively all patients received either oral ranitidine, 150 mg, or a placebo tablet, with the nonabsorbable marker dye bromosulphthalein (BSP, 50 mg in 10 ml water, followed by either 150 ml water or no further fluid. ⋯ Mean pH values were significantly higher in the two ranitidine groups (5.52 +/- 1.79, 5.03 +/- 1.79) than in the two placebo groups (1.75 +/- 0.94, 1.92 +/- 1.27). The combination of a residual volume of 25 ml and pH less than 2.5 was found in 46% of patients given only BSP with placebo, in 23% of those given 150 ml water with placebo, and in no patient given ranitidine. There was no correlation between the gastric volume or pH values with the ingestion-surgery interval in patients given 150 ml water.

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