• J Intensive Care Med · Jan 2015

    Comparative Study Observational Study

    Video laryngoscopy is associated with increased first pass success and decreased rate of esophageal intubations during urgent endotracheal intubation in a medical intensive care unit when compared to direct laryngoscopy.

    • Viera Lakticova, Seth J Koenig, Mangala Narasimhan, and Paul H Mayo.
    • Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, Hofstra North-Shore-LIJ School of Medicine, New Hyde Park, NY, USA vlakticova@nshs.edu.
    • J Intensive Care Med. 2015 Jan 1;30(1):44-8.

    BackgroundTo compare the complication rates of urgent endotracheal intubation (UEI) performed by pulmonary critical care medicine (PCCM) fellows and attending intensivists using a direct laryngoscope (DL) versus a video laryngoscope (VL) in a medical intensive care unit (MICU).MethodsWe studied all UEIs performed from November 2008 through July 2012 in an 18-bed MICU in a university-affiliated hospital. All UEIs were performed by 15 PCCM fellows or attending intensivists using only the DL from November 2008 through February 2010 and the VL from March 2010 to July 2012. Throughout the entire study period, the UEI team leader recorded complications of the procedure using a standard data collection form immediately following the completion of the procedure. This permitted a comparison of complication rates between the DL and the VL.ResultsA total of 140 UEIs were performed using the DL and 252 using the VL. Using the DL, the esophageal intubation rate was 19% and the difficult intubation rate was 22%; using the VL, the esophageal intubation rate was 0.4% and the difficult intubation rate was 7%. There was no significant difference in the rate of severe hypotension, severe desaturation, aspiration, dental injury, airway injury, or death between the 2 groups.ConclusionThe use of the VL for UEI performed by PCCM fellows is associated with a reduction in the rate of esophageal intubation and difficult endotracheal intubation when compared to the use of the DL.© The Author(s) 2013.

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    This article appears in the collection: Are video laryngoscopes superior to standard laryngoscopy?.


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