Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Shoulder dislocations are a common injury prompting presentation to the emergency department. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is a diagnostic tool for shoulder dislocations, which has the potential to reduce time to diagnosis and reduction, radiation exposure, and health care costs. This systematic review sought to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of POCUS for diagnosing shoulder dislocations. ⋯ POCUS is a sensitive and specific tool for the rapid identification of shoulder dislocations and reductions, as well as for the detection of associated fractures. POCUS should be considered as an alternate diagnostic tool for the diagnosis and management of shoulder dislocations.
Emergency medicine (EM) investigators lag in research funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) when compared to other specialties. NIH funding determinations are made in part by a process of NIH study section peer review. Low participation by EM investigators in NIH peer review could be one explanation for low levels of NIH funding by EM investigators. ⋯ Clustering of study sections within similar institutions was noted with 40% (two) of the pediatric faculty at the same institution while 27% (four) of the adult faculty were at the same institution. AHRQ study section review identified 3% (four/127) as members of an ED. Our data show that 20 EM faculty comprised 0.3% of NIH standing study section members and four EM faculty comprised 3% of AHRQ standing study section members from 2019 to 2020 and that these members were clustered at a few institutions.
Review Meta Analysis
Emergency departments (ED) interface with large numbers of patients that are often missed by conventional HIV testing approaches. ED-based HIV self-testing (HIVST) is an innovative engagement approach which has potential for testing gains among populations that have failed to be reached. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated acceptability and uptake of HIVST, as compared to standard provider-delivered testing approaches, among patients seeking care in ED settings. ⋯ Available data indicate that HIVST may be acceptable and may increase testing among patients seeking emergency care, suggesting that expanding ED-based HIVST programs could enhance HIV diagnosis. However, given the limitations of the reports, additional research is needed to better inform the evidence base.
Randomized Controlled Trial
Improving care transitions following emergency department (ED) visits may reduce post-ED adverse events among older adults (e.g., ED revisits, decreased function). The Care Transitions Intervention (CTI) improves hospital-to-home transitions; however, its effectiveness at improving post-ED outcomes is unknown. We tested the effectiveness of the CTI with community-dwelling older adult ED patients, hypothesizing that it would reduce revisits and increase performance of self-management behaviors during the 30 days following discharge. ⋯ The CTI did not reduce 30-day ED revisits but did significantly increase key care transition behaviors (outpatient follow-up, red flag knowledge). Additional research is needed to explore if patients with different conditions benefit more from the CTI and whether decreasing ED revisits is the most appropriate outcome for all older adults.