British journal of anaesthesia
Lateralization of cerebral blood flow and EEG activity is known to vary during cognition, sleep and waking. In spite of this, electrode placement for the cerebral state index (CSI) monitor is not specified to a particular side of the brain. This study is designed to determine if pairwise registrations differ for CSI measured simultaneously from the left or right sides of the brain. ⋯ Despite known lateralization of the EEC, this study found a very high correlation in CSI derived simultaneously from the left and right sides of the brain by two independent monitors.
Fluid therapy in children may be associated with iatrogenic hyponatraemia. We surveyed anaesthetists' current fluid prescribing practice during the perioperative period, departmental fluid protocols and awareness of the concerns of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH) about the use of dextrose 4%/saline 0.18% in children. ⋯ The prescription of hypotonic dextrose saline solutions by anaesthetists may be putting children at risk from iatrogenic hyponatraemia. Departmental protocols for perioperative fluid prescription in children are uncommon. We suggest that national guidance is required.
Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study
Although epidural opioids have excellent analgesic property, their side-effects limit its use in patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA). This study was designed to compare side-effects of epidural sufentanil in ropivacaine with that of morphine in ropivacaine focusing on lower urinary tract function after major abdominal surgery. ⋯ The lower incidence of major/serious micturition problem in patients receiving sufentanil in ropivacaine thoracic epidural analgesia suggests that continuation of urinary drainage may not be necessary from POD 1 onwards.
Randomized Controlled Trial
Intrathecal clonidine prolongs spinal anaesthesia. We investigated the effect of the addition of clonidine (75 microg) to hyperbaric bupivacaine on postoperative morphine consumption after Caesarean section in a randomized controlled double-blind trial. ⋯ The addition of clonidine (75 microg) to hyperbaric bupivacaine prolongs spinal anaesthesia after Caesarean section and improves early analgesia, but does not reduce the postoperative morphine consumption during the first 24 h. No clinically relevant maternal or neonatal side-effects were detected.