• Postgrad Med J · Jul 2022

    Meta Analysis

    Statin and mortality in COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis of pooled adjusted effect estimates from propensity-matched cohorts.

    Statin use is associated with decreased COVID mortality.

    pearl
    • Ahmad Fariz Malvi Zamzam Zein, Catur Setiya Sulistiyana, Uswatun Khasanah, Arief Wibowo, Michael Anthonius Lim, and Raymond Pranata.
    • Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati, Cirebon, Jawa Barat, Indonesia fariz_zein_dr@yahoo.com.
    • Postgrad Med J. 2022 Jul 1; 98 (1161): 503-508.

    PurposeStatin potentially improved outcome in patients with COVID-19. Patients who receive statin generally have a higher proportion of comorbidities than those who did not, which may introduce bias. In this meta-analysis, we aimed to investigate the association between statin use and mortality in patients with COVID-19 by pooling the adjusted effect estimates from propensity-score matching (PSM) matched studies or randomised controlled trials to reduce bias.MethodsA systematic literature search using the PubMed, Scopus and Embase databases were performed up until 1 March 2021. Studies that were designed the study to assess statin and mortality using PSM with the addition of Inverse Probability Treatment Weighting or multivariable regression analysis on top of PSM-matched cohorts were included. The effect estimate was reported in term of relative risk (RR).Results14 446 patients were included in the eight PSM-matched studies. Statin was associated with decreased mortality in patients with COVID-19 (RR 0.72 (0.55, 0.95), p=0.018; I2: 84.3%, p<0.001). Subgroup analysis in patients receiving statin in-hospital showed that it was associated with lower mortality (RR 0.71 (0.54, 0.94), p=0.030; I2: 64.1%, p<0.025). The association of statin and mortality was not significantly affected by age (coefficient: -0.04, p=0.382), male gender (RR 0.96 (0.95, 1.02), p=0.456), diabetes (RR 1.02 (0.99, 1.04), p=0.271) and hypertension (RR 1.01 (0.97, 1.04), p=0.732) in this pooled analysis.ConclusionIn this meta-analysis of PSM-matched cohorts with adjusted analysis, statin was shown to decrease the risk of mortality in patients with COVID-19.Prospero Registration NumberCRD42021240137.© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2022. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

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    Statin use is associated with decreased COVID mortality.

    Daniel Jolley  Daniel Jolley
     
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