• N. Engl. J. Med. · Sep 2021

    Randomized Controlled Trial

    Safety and Efficacy of NVX-CoV2373 Covid-19 Vaccine.

    • Paul T Heath, Eva P Galiza, David N Baxter, Marta Boffito, Duncan Browne, Fiona Burns, David R Chadwick, Rebecca Clark, Catherine Cosgrove, James Galloway, Anna L Goodman, Amardeep Heer, Andrew Higham, Shalini Iyengar, Arham Jamal, Christopher Jeanes, Philip A Kalra, Christina Kyriakidou, Daniel F McAuley, Agnieszka Meyrick, Angela M Minassian, Jane Minton, Patrick Moore, Imrozia Munsoor, Helen Nicholls, Orod Osanlou, Jonathan Packham, Carol H Pretswell, Alberto San Francisco Ramos, Dinesh Saralaya, Ray P Sheridan, Richard Smith, Roy L Soiza, Pauline A Swift, Emma C Thomson, Jeremy Turner, Marianne E Viljoen, Gary Albert, Iksung Cho, Filip Dubovsky, Greg Glenn, Joy Rivers, Andreana Robertson, Kathy Smith, Seth Toback, and 2019nCoV-302 Study Group.
    • From the Vaccine Institute, St. George's, University of London, and St. George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (P.T.H., E.P.G., C.C., A.S.F.R.), Chelsea, Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and Imperial College London (M.B.), the Institute for Global Health, University College London, and Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust (F.B.), the Centre for Rheumatic Disease, Kings College London (J.G.), the Department of Infectious Diseases, Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, MRC Clinical Trials Unit at University College London (A.L.G.), and Renal Services, Epsom and St. Helier University Hospitals NHS Trust (P.A.S.), London, Stockport NHS Foundation Trust, Stepping Hill Hospital, Stockport (D.N.B.), Royal Cornwall Hospitals NHS Trust, Truro (D.B.), Centre for Clinical Infection, South Tees Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, James Cook University Hospital, Middlesbrough (D.R.C.), Layton Medical Centre, Blackpool (R.C.), Lakeside Healthcare Research, Lakeside Surgeries, Corby (A. Heer), University Hospitals of Morecambe Bay NHS Foundation Trust, Kendal (A. Higham), Accelerated Enrollment Solutions, Synexus Hexham Dedicated Research Site, Hexham General Hospital, Hexham (S.I.), Accelerated Enrollment Solutions, Synexus Thames Valley Dedicated Research Site, Reading (A.J.), Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Norwich (C.J., J.T.), Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Northern Care Alliance, Salford (P.A.K.), Accelerated Enrollment Solutions, Synexus Midlands Dedicated Research Site, Birmingham (C.K.), Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queen's University of Belfast and Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast (D.F.M.), Accelerated Enrollment Solutions, Synexus Merseyside Dedicated Research Site, Liverpool (A.M.), Centre for Clinical Vaccinology and Tropical Medicine, University of Oxford, and Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust, Warneford Hospital, Oxford (A.M.M.), St. James's University Hospital, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds (J.M.), the Adam Practice, Poole (P.M.), University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton (P.M.), Accelerated Enrollment Solutions, Synexus Glasgow Dedicated Research Site (I.M.), and MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research and Queen Elizabeth University Hospital, NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde (E.C.T.), Glasgow, Accelerated Enrollment Solutions, Synexus Wales Dedicated Research Site, Cardiff (H.N.), the School of Medical Sciences, Bangor University, and Betsi Cadwaladr University Health Board, Bangor (O.O.), the Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham (J.P.), Haywood Hospital, Midlands Partnership NHS Foundation Trust, Stafford (J.P.), Accelerated Enrollment Solutions, Synexus Lancashire Dedicated Research Site, Chorley (C.H.P.), the National Institute for Health Research Patient Recruitment Centre and Bradford Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Bradford (D.S.), Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital, Exeter (R.P.S.), East Suffolk, North Essex NHS Foundation Trust and University of Essex, Colchester (R.S.), Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, NHS Grampian, and Aging Clinical and Experimental Research Group, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen (R.L.S.), and Accelerated Enrollment Solutions, Synexus Manchester Dedicated Research Site, Manchester (M.E.V.) - all in the United Kingdom; and Novavax, Gaithersburg, MD (G.A., I.C., F.D., G.G., J.R., A.R., K.S., S.T.).
    • N. Engl. J. Med. 2021 Sep 23; 385 (13): 1172-1183.

    BackgroundEarly clinical data from studies of the NVX-CoV2373 vaccine (Novavax), a recombinant nanoparticle vaccine against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) that contains the full-length spike glycoprotein of the prototype strain plus Matrix-M adjuvant, showed that the vaccine was safe and associated with a robust immune response in healthy adult participants. Additional data were needed regarding the efficacy, immunogenicity, and safety of this vaccine in a larger population.MethodsIn this phase 3, randomized, observer-blinded, placebo-controlled trial conducted at 33 sites in the United Kingdom, we assigned adults between the ages of 18 and 84 years in a 1:1 ratio to receive two intramuscular 5-μg doses of NVX-CoV2373 or placebo administered 21 days apart. The primary efficacy end point was virologically confirmed mild, moderate, or severe SARS-CoV-2 infection with an onset at least 7 days after the second injection in participants who were serologically negative at baseline.ResultsA total of 15,187 participants underwent randomization, and 14,039 were included in the per-protocol efficacy population. Of the participants, 27.9% were 65 years of age or older, and 44.6% had coexisting illnesses. Infections were reported in 10 participants in the vaccine group and in 96 in the placebo group, with a symptom onset of at least 7 days after the second injection, for a vaccine efficacy of 89.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 80.2 to 94.6). No hospitalizations or deaths were reported among the 10 cases in the vaccine group. Five cases of severe infection were reported, all of which were in the placebo group. A post hoc analysis showed an efficacy of 86.3% (95% CI, 71.3 to 93.5) against the B.1.1.7 (or alpha) variant and 96.4% (95% CI, 73.8 to 99.5) against non-B.1.1.7 variants. Reactogenicity was generally mild and transient. The incidence of serious adverse events was low and similar in the two groups.ConclusionsA two-dose regimen of the NVX-CoV2373 vaccine administered to adult participants conferred 89.7% protection against SARS-CoV-2 infection and showed high efficacy against the B.1.1.7 variant. (Funded by Novavax; EudraCT number, 2020-004123-16.).Copyright © 2021 Massachusetts Medical Society.

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    Nuvaxoid is safe and 90% effective against the Alpha (B.1.1.7) SARS-CoV-2 variant.

    Daniel Jolley  Daniel Jolley
     
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