• Curr Opin Anaesthesiol · Dec 2015


    Safety-II and resilience: the way ahead in patient safety in anaesthesiology.

    • Sven Staender.
    • aDepartment of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, Regional Hospital Maennedorf, Maennedorf/Zuerich, Switzerland bDepartment of Anaesthesiology, Perioperative Medicine, and Critical Care Medicine, Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg, Austria.
    • Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2015 Dec 1; 28 (6): 735-9.

    Purpose Of ReviewAnaesthesiology is a specialty with a remarkable track record regarding improvements in safety. Nevertheless, modern healthcare poses increasing demands on quality and outcome: more complexity, more patients with increasing risk-factors, more regulation from society concerning quality and outcome and finally more demand of the stakeholders for efficiency. This leads us to ask the question if our traditional way of handling 'risk' and 'safety' will stand the challenges of the future?Recent FindingsMost of the success of modern anaesthesiology results from improved technology, pharmacology, training and education, improved systems, focus on human performance as well as standardization and development of guiding information. All of these aspects are crucial and have their relevance for well tolerated and modern practice. But despite all of these achievements, we must face the fact that we still cannot control complex processes by application of linear thinking (standardization). Modern risk-management concepts in other ultra-safe systems such as civil aviation or air traffic control introduced the concept of 'resilience' as well as 'safety-II' in order to deal with the challenges of increasing complex conditions.SummaryWe are well advised to consider adapting these modern concepts of 'resilience' and 'safety-II' thinking when we want to substantially improve patient safety in anaesthesiology.

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    This article appears in the collection: Reducing health-system harm: Safety I vs Safety II.


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