Randomized Controlled Trial
- Fiona Desmond, Janet McCormack, Niall Mulligan, Maurice Stokes, and Donal J Buggy.
- Department of Anaesthesia, Mater Misericordiae University Hospital and School of Medicine & Medical Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
- Anticancer Res. 2015 Mar 1;35(3):1311-9.
BackgroundLive animal studies using an inoculation model of breast cancer indicate that anaesthetic drugs and techniques differentially affect cancer metastasis, inversely related to Natural Killer (NK) cell and T lymphocyte levels. Clinical histological studies demonstrate that the distribution of these immune cells and macrophages in intra-tumoral cancer tissue can predict prognosis and response to therapy. No study has evaluated whether the anaesthetic technique influences human breast cancer immune cell infiltration.Materials And MethodsExcised breast cancer specimens from patients previously enrolled in an ongoing, prospective, randomised trial (NCT00418457) investigating the effect of anaesthetic technique on long-term breast cancer outcome were immunohistochemically stained to enable a colour deconvolution technique to summate marked immune cell infiltration: CD56 (NK cells), CD4 (T helper cells), CD8 (T suppressor cells) and CD68 (macrophages). Patients were randomised to receive either a propofol-paravertebral anaesthetic with continuing analgesia (PPA, n=12) or a balanced general anaesthesia with opioid analgesia (GA, n=16) for 24 h postoperatively. Investigators were masked to group allocation.ResultsNormalised positive intensity values, (median (interquartile range (IQR)), for CD56 were lower in GA121 (116-134) versus 136 (132-142), p=0.015. CD4 was also lower in GA10.9 (5.5-27.8) versus PPA 19.7 (14.4-83.5), p=0.03 but CD8 5.5 (4.0-9.75) versus 13.0 (5.0-14.5) respectively, p=0.24 and CD 68 infiltration 5.8 (3.25-8.75) versus 8.0 (3.0-8.75), p=0.74 were not significantly different.ConclusionPPA induces increased levels of NK and T helper cell infiltration into breast cancer tissue compared with GA but not T suppressor cells or macro phages. This is consistent with the hypothesis that the anaesthetic technique may affect perioperative immune function conducive to resisting breast cancer recurrence and metastasis.Copyright© 2015 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.
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