Randomized Controlled Trial Clinical Trial
- Dongxin Wang, Xinmin Wu, Jun Li, Feng Xiao, Xiaoying Liu, and Meijin Meng.
- Department of Anesthesiology, First Hospital, Peking University, No. 8 Xishiku Street, Beijing 100034, China. email@example.com
- Anesth. Analg. 2002 Nov 1;95(5):1134-41, table of contents.
UnlabelledWe investigated the effect of lidocaine on the incidence of cognitive dysfunction in the early postoperative period after cardiac surgery. One-hundred-eighteen patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were randomized to receive either lidocaine (1.5 mg/kg bolus followed by a 4 mg/min infusion during operation and 4 mg/kg in the priming solution of CPB) or placebo. A battery of nine neuropsychological tests was administered before and 9 days after surgery. A postoperative deficit in any test was defined as a decline by more than or equal to the preoperative SD of that test in all patients. Any patient showing a deficit in two or more tests was defined as having postoperative cognitive dysfunction. Eighty-eight patients completed pre- and postoperative neuropsychological tests. Plasma lidocaine concentrations (microg/mL) were 4.78 +/- 0.52 (mean +/- SD), 5.38 +/- 0.95, 4.52 +/- 0.39, 5.82 +/- 0.76, and 7.10 +/- 1.09 at 10 min before CPB; 10, 30, and 60 min of CPB; and at the end of operation, respectively. The proportion of patients showing postoperative cognitive dysfunction was significantly reduced in the lidocaine group compared with that in the placebo group (18.6% versus 40.0%; P = 0.028). We conclude that intraoperative administration of lidocaine decreased the occurrence of cognitive dysfunction in the early postoperative period.ImplicationsPostoperative cognitive dysfunction is a commonly recognized complication after cardiac surgery. Intraoperative cerebral microembolism and hypoperfusion have been proposed to be the major mechanisms. The results of this study show that intraoperative administration of lidocaine decreased the occurrence of early postoperative cognitive dysfunction, perhaps because of its neuroprotective effects.
Do you have a pearl, summary or comment to save or share?
You can also include formatting, links, images and footnotes in your notes
- Simple formatting can be added to notes, such as
- Superscript can be denoted by
- Numbered or bulleted lists can be created using either numbered lines
1. 2. 3., hyphens
- Links can be included with:
[my link to pubmed](http://pubmed.com)
- Images can be included with:
![alt text](https://bestmedicaljournal.com/study_graph.jpg "Image Title Text")
- For footnotes use
[^1](This is a footnote.)inline.
- Or use an inline reference
[^1]to refer to a longer footnote elseweher in the document
[^1]: This is a long footnote..