• Chinese medical journal · Feb 2024

    Randomized Controlled Trial Multicenter Study

    Tenecteplase versus alteplase in treatment of acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: a randomized non-inferiority trial.

    • Xingshan Zhao, Yidan Zhu, Zheng Zhang, Guizhou Tao, Haiyan Xu, Guanchang Cheng, Wen Gao, Liping Ma, Liping Qi, Xiaoyan Yan, Haibo Wang, Qingde Xia, Yuwang Yang, Wanke Li, Juwen Rong, Limei Wang, Yutian Ding, Qiang Guo, Wanjun Dang, Chen Yao, Qin Yang, Runlin Gao, Yangfeng Wu, and Shubin Qiao.
    • Department of Cardiology, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, The Fourth Clinical Medical College of Peking University, Beijing 100035, China.
    • Chin. Med. J. 2024 Feb 5; 137 (3): 312319312-319.

    BackgroundA phase II trial on recombinant human tenecteplase tissue-type plasminogen activator (rhTNK-tPA) has previously shown its preliminary efficacy in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. This study was designed as a pivotal postmarketing trial to compare its efficacy and safety with rrecombinant human tissue-type plasminogen activator alteplase (rt-PA) in Chinese patients with STEMI.MethodsIn this multicenter, randomized, open-label, non-inferiority trial, patients with acute STEMI were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive an intravenous bolus of 16 mg rhTNK-tPA or an intravenous bolus of 8 mg rt-PA followed by an infusion of 42 mg in 90 min. The primary endpoint was recanalization defined by thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade 2 or 3. The secondary endpoint was clinically justified recanalization. Other endpoints included 30-day major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) and safety endpoints.ResultsFrom July 2016 to September 2019, 767 eligible patients were randomly assigned to receive rhTNK-tPA ( n = 384) or rt-PA ( n = 383). Among them, 369 patients had coronary angiography data on TIMI flow, and 711 patients had data on clinically justified recanalization. Both used a -15% difference as the non-inferiority efficacy margin. In comparison to rt-PA, both the proportion of patients with TIMI grade 2 or 3 flow (78.3% [148/189] vs. 81.7% [147/180]; differences: -3.4%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -11.5%, 4.8%) and clinically justified recanalization (85.4% [305/357] vs. 85.9% [304/354]; difference: -0.5%; 95% CI: -5.6%, 4.7%) in the rhTNK-tPA group were non-inferior. The occurrence of 30-day MACCEs (10.2% [39/384] vs. 11.0% [42/383]; hazard ratio: 0.96; 95% CI: 0.61, 1.50) did not differ significantly between groups. No safety outcomes significantly differed between groups.ConclusionrhTNK-tPA was non-inferior to rt-PA in the effect of improving recanalization of the infarct-related artery, a validated surrogate of clinical outcomes, among Chinese patients with acute STEMI.Trial Registrationwww.ClinicalTrials.gov (No. NCT02835534).Copyright © 2024 The Chinese Medical Association, produced by Wolters Kluwer, Inc. under the CC-BY-NC-ND license.

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