• Clin J Pain · Apr 2024

    Initiatives Targeting Health Care Professionals: A Systematic Review of Knowledge Translation Pain Assessment and Management Studies Focusing on Older Adults.

    • Laney Yarycky, Louise I R Castillo, Michelle M Gagnon, and Thomas Hadjistavropoulos.
    • Department of Psychology and Centre on Aging and Health, University of Regina, Regina.
    • Clin J Pain. 2024 Apr 1; 40 (4): 230242230-242.

    ObjectivesPain is often undertreated in older adult populations due to factors, such as insufficient continuing education and health care resources. Initiatives to increase knowledge about pain assessment and management are crucial for the incorporation of research evidence into practice. Knowledge translation (KT) studies on pain management for older adults and relevant knowledge users have been conducted; however, the wide variety of KT program formats and outcomes underscores a need to evaluate and systematically report on the relevant literature.Materials And MethodsUsing a systematic review methodology, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), MEDLINE, PsycInfo, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to June 2023. Pain-related KT programs targeted towards older adults, their informal caregivers, and health care professionals were examined. Initiatives focusing on health care professionals are the focus of this review. Initiatives focusing on older adults are reported in a companion article.ResultsFrom an initial 21,669 search results, 172 studies met our inclusion criteria. These studies varied widely in focus and delivery format but the majority were associated with significant risk of bias. In this report, we are focusing on 124 studies targeting health care professionals; 48 studies involving initiatives targeting older adults are reported in a companion article. Moreover, most programs were classified as knowledge mobilization studies without an implementation component. Across all studies, knowledge user satisfaction with the initiative and the suitability of the material presented were most commonly assessed. Patient outcomes, however, were underemphasized in the literature.ConclusionPatient and clinical outcomes must be a focus of future research to fully conceptualize the success of KT programs for older adult individuals. Without implementation plans, disseminated knowledge does not tend to translate effectively into practice.Copyright © 2024 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

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