• Emerg Med Australas · Feb 2024

    Infectious and sepsis presentations to, and hospital admissions from emergency departments in Victoria, Australia.

    • Nathaniel Flacks, Catherine Martin, Danny Liew, Katie Walker, and Daryl Jones.
    • Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
    • Emerg Med Australas. 2024 Feb 27.

    ObjectiveTo investigate the frequency and outcomes of adult infectious and sepsis presentations to, and hospital admissions from, Emergency Departments (EDs) in Victoria, Australia.MethodsRetrospective cohort study using the Victorian Emergency Minimum Dataset and Victorian Admitted Episodes Dataset. We included adults (age ≥ 18 years) presenting to an ED, or admitted to hospital from ED in Victoria between July 2017 and June 2018. One-year mortality was analysed until June 2019 using the Victorian Death Index, and ICD-10 coding was used to identify cases.ResultsAmong 1.28 million ED presentations over 1 year, 12.00% and 0.45% were coded with infectious and sepsis diagnoses, respectively. Despite having lower triage categories, patients with infections were more likely to be admitted to hospital (50.4% vs 44.9%), but not directly to ICU (0.8%). Patients coded with sepsis were assigned higher triage categories and required hospital admission much more frequently (96.4% vs 44.9%), including to ICU (15.9% vs 0.8%). Patients presenting with infections and sepsis had increased risk of 1-year mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 1.44 and 4.13, respectively). Of the 648 280 hospital admissions from the ED, infection and sepsis were coded in 23.69% and 2.66%, respectively, and the adjusted odds ratio for 1-year mortality were 1.64 and 4.79, respectively.ConclusionsInfections and sepsis are common causes of presentation to, and admission from the ED in Victoria. Such patients experience higher mortality than non-infectious patients, even after adjusting for age. There is a need to identify modifiable factors contributing to these outcomes.© 2024 The Authors. Emergency Medicine Australasia published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of Australasian College for Emergency Medicine.

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