Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study Clinical Trial
- J A Grass, N T Sakima, R Schmidt, R Michitsch, R L Zuckerman, and A P Harris.
- Department of General Anesthesiology, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Ohio 44195, USA.
- Anesth. Analg. 1997 Aug 1;85(2):365-71.
AbstractThis study was designed to determine and compare the dose-response characteristics, speed of onset, and relative potency of single-dose epidural fentanyl (F) and sufentanil (S) for postoperative pain relief. Eighty women undergoing cesarean section (C/S) with epidural 2% lidocaine with epinephrine (1:200,000) were randomly assigned to receive double-blind epidural administration of F (25, 50, 100, or 200 microg) or S (5, 10, 20, or 30 microg) (n = 10 per group) upon complaint of pain postoperatively. Visual analog scales (VAS, 0-100 mm) were used to assess pain and sedation at baseline; at 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 20, 25, 30, 45, and 60 min; and every 30 min until further analgesia was requested. The study was terminated at 30 min if satisfactory analgesia was not achieved. Side effects were recorded. A dose-response was demonstrated for both opioids. F 25 microg and S 5 microg were ineffective, with significantly fewer women achieving VAS scores <10 mm (P < 0.05 compared with F 100 or 200 microg and S 20 or 30 microg). F 100 and 200 microg and S 20 and 30 microg all achieved VAS scores <10 mm in all women with no differences in time to 50% reduction in VAS (mean 11-16 min) and no differences in duration of analgesia (mean 117-138 min). The 50% and 95% effective dose values for each opioid to achieve a VAS score <10 mm were F 33 microg and 92 microg and S 6.7 microg and 17.5 microg. There were no differences among groups in sedation scores or side effects. Our data suggest that the relative analgesic potency of epidural S:F is approximately 5 and that there are no differences between the opioids in the onset, duration, and effectiveness of analgesia when equianalgesic doses are administered postoperatively after lidocaine anesthesia for C/S.
This article appears in the collection: Sufentanil.
Knowledge, pearl, summary or comment to share?
You can also include formatting, links, images and footnotes in your notes
- Simple formatting can be added to notes, such as
- Superscript can be denoted by
- Numbered or bulleted lists can be created using either numbered lines
1. 2. 3., hyphens
- Links can be included with:
[my link to pubmed](http://pubmed.com)
- Images can be included with:
![alt text](https://bestmedicaljournal.com/study_graph.jpg "Image Title Text")
- For footnotes use
[^1](This is a footnote.)inline.
- Or use an inline reference
[^1]to refer to a longer footnote elseweher in the document
[^1]: This is a long footnote..