• Sufentanil

     
       

    Daniel Jolley.

    3 articles.

    Created February 24, 2021, last updated 9 months ago.


    Collection: 142, Score: 389, Trend score: 0, Read count: 389, Articles count: 3, Created: 2021-02-24 23:18:08 UTC. Updated: 2021-02-24 23:38:46 UTC.

    Notes

    reference
    1

    Sulfentanil is a potent, short-acting synthetic opioid used in anesthesia and critical care. First synthesized by Janssen Pharmaceutica in 1974. It is the most potent opioid licensed for use in humans.

    • OWC 1800
    • pKa 8.0
    • Potency 5-10x fentanyl, 500x morphine.
    • Vd 3 L/kg
    • Protein binding 93%
    • Clearance 12 mL/kg/min
    • tß½ 3 hours
    • CSHT(8h) 30 min (alfentanil ~60 m)
    • mu agonist, also stimulates serotonin release and at high dose has local anaeshetic effect.
    • Structurally different from fentanyl, with a methoxymethyl group on the piperidine ring (increases potency and reduces duration of action) and thiophene instead of phenyl ring.
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    Collected Articles

    • Anesthesia and analgesia · Aug 1997

      Randomized Controlled Trial Clinical Trial

      The dose-response pharmacology of intrathecal sufentanil in female volunteers.

      The pharmacologic effects of intrathecal sufentanil (ITS) beyond what is clinically administered (10 microg) are not known. We observed 18 healthy, young, adult female volunteers who received 12.5, 25, or 50 microg of ITS in a randomized, double-blind fashion for 11 h. Analgesia was assessed by pressure algometry at the tibia. ⋯ Serum sufentanil concentrations were related to ITS dose in a statistically significant manner, reached clinically significant concentrations, and followed a time course similar to analgesia and measures of respiratory depression. However, there was no significant increase in measured analgesia associated with the increases in serum sufentanil concentrations. We conclude that in our volunteer model of lower extremity pain, administering ITS in doses larger than 12.5 microg does not improve the speed of onset, magnitude, or duration of analgesia and only causes dose-related increases in serum sufentanil concentrations, which may augment respiratory depression.

      expand abstract… or just mark as read…

    • Anesthesia and analgesia · Aug 1997

      Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study Clinical Trial

      A randomized, double-blind, dose-response comparison of epidural fentanyl versus sufentanil analgesia after cesarean section.

      This study was designed to determine and compare the dose-response characteristics, speed of onset, and relative potency of single-dose epidural fentanyl (F) and sufentanil (S) for postoperative pain relief. Eighty women undergoing cesarean section (C/S) with epidural 2% lidocaine with epinephrine (1:200,000) were randomly assigned to receive double-blind epidural administration of F (25, 50, 100, or 200 microg) or S (5, 10, 20, or 30 microg) (n = 10 per group) upon complaint of pain postoperatively. Visual analog scales (VAS, 0-100 mm) were used to assess pain and sedation at baseline; at 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 20, 25, 30, 45, and 60 min; and every 30 min until further analgesia was requested. ⋯ The 50% and 95% effective dose values for each opioid to achieve a VAS score <10 mm were F 33 microg and 92 microg and S 6.7 microg and 17.5 microg. There were no differences among groups in sedation scores or side effects. Our data suggest that the relative analgesic potency of epidural S:F is approximately 5 and that there are no differences between the opioids in the onset, duration, and effectiveness of analgesia when equianalgesic doses are administered postoperatively after lidocaine anesthesia for C/S.

      keep reading… or not…

    • Br J Anaesth · Oct 1996

      Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study Clinical Trial

      Extradural clonidine combined with sufentanil and 0.0625% bupivacaine for analgesia in labour.

      We have studied the use of clonidine combined with low doses of sufentanil and bupivacaine in 45 parturients requiring extradural analgesia for the first stage of labour, in a double-blind, randomized study. We gave 0.0625% bupivacaine 10 ml containing 1:200,000 adrenaline and sufentanil 10 micrograms (1 ml) to which was added 0.9% saline, or clonidine 100 or 150 micrograms (1 ml). We compared the quality (VAS scores) and duration of analgesia, motor block, maternal haemodynamic state (mean arterial pressure and heart rate) and fetal and maternal side effects. ⋯ Analgesia was associated with a reduction in mean arterial pressure with clonidine. However, these adverse side effects were of minor clinical importance regardless of the extradural clonidine dose, except for a high incidence of fetal heart tracing abnormalities when clonidine 150 micrograms was used. These effects associated with a limited effect on analgesia may curtail the widespread use of clonidine as an adjunct to extradural 0.0625% bupivacaine with sufentanil 10 micrograms during labour.

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