Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study
- P D W Fettes, C S Moore, J B Whiteside, G A McLeod, and J A W Wildsmith.
- University Department of Anaesthesia, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School Dundee DD1 9SY, UK. firstname.lastname@example.org
- Br J Anaesth. 2006 Sep 1;97(3):359-64.
BackgroundMany years ago regular intermittent bolus administration of epidural local anaesthetic solution was recognized to produce more effective analgesia than continuous infusion, but only recently has the development of suitable pumps allowed the former technique's wider evaluation.MethodsIn this randomized, double-blind trial, 40 primigravid patients had a lumbar epidural catheter inserted, and plain ropivacaine 0.2% 15-20 ml was titrated until analgesia and bilateral sensory block to T10 were produced (time zero). Patients were then given either an infusion of ropivacaine 2 mg ml(-1) with fentanyl 2 microg ml(-1) at 10 ml h(-1), or hourly boluses of 10 ml of the same solution. Pain, sensory block and motor block were measured frequently. If requested, additional 10 ml boluses of the study mixture were given for analgesia.ResultsThere were no differences between the two groups in patient characteristics, obstetric/neonatal outcome, or in sensory or motor block. A total of 12 (60%) patients in the continuous group required one or more additional boluses compared with 4 (20%) patients in the intermittent group (95% CI 9.6-61.7%, P=0.02). Therefore the intermittent group received a lower total drug dose than the infusion group (P=0.02). Duration of uninterrupted analgesia (time to first rescue bolus) was longer in the intermittent group (P<0.02).ConclusionsThe intermittent group required fewer supplementary injections and less drug to maintain similar pain scores, sensory and motor block compared with the continuous group. This represents a more efficacious mode of analgesia.
This article appears in the collection: Programmed Intermittent Epidural Bolus for Labour Analgesia.
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