• Can J Anaesth · Mar 2016

    Randomized Controlled Trial

    Parecoxib sodium reduces the need for opioids after tonsillectomy in children: a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial.

    • Xiuze Li, Mengjun Zhou, Qing Xia, and Juan Li.
    • Department of Anesthesiology, Mianyang Central Hospital, 12 Changjia Lane, Mianyang, 621000, Sichuan, China. lxz123@126.com.
    • Can J Anaesth. 2016 Mar 1; 63 (3): 268-74.

    ObjectivePostoperative pain is a common phenomenon after pediatric tonsillectomy. This prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed to evaluate the analgesic efficacy of intravenous parecoxib sodium in children undergoing tonsillectomy.MethodsSixty children (American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-III, aged three to seven years, and scheduled to undergo elective tonsillectomy under general anesthesia) were randomly allocated into one of two groups to receive intravenous parecoxib sodium 1 mg·kg(-1) (Group P, n = 30) or the same volume of saline (Group S, n = 30) just after induction of general anesthesia. Between-group comparisons were made for the number of patients requiring rescue morphine, total number of doses of postoperative rescue morphine, time to first rescue analgesic, postoperative pain and sedation scores, and adverse effects.ResultsRescue morphine was given to more children in Group S (25/30, 83%) than in Group P (17/30, 57%) [relative risk (RR), 1.5; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.0 to 2.1; P = 0.024]. The mean (SD) time to first rescue analgesic was shorter in Group S than in Group P [132 (54) min vs 193 (78) min, respectively; mean difference, 61; 95% CI, 26.6 to 96.1; P = 0.001]. The median (interquartile range [IQR]) Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Pain Scale scores in the postanesthesia care unit were lower in Group P than in Group S (7 [5-8] vs 9 [8-11], respectively; P = 0.001). The incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) was higher in Group S than in Group P [11/30 (37%) vs 4/30 (13%), respectively; RR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.0 to 7.7; P = 0.037].ConclusionsA single intravenous injection of parecoxib sodium 1 mg·kg(-1) after anesthesia induction is an effective method for the control of postoperative pain. It provides a morphine-sparing effect, prolongs the time to first rescue analgesic, and reduces PONV in children undergoing tonsillectomy.

      Pubmed     Full text  

      Add institutional full text...

    Notes

     
    Do you have a pearl, summary or comment to save or share?
    250 characters remaining
    help        
    You can also include formatting, links, images and footnotes in your notes
    • Simple formatting can be added to notes, such as *italics*, _underline_ or **bold**.
    • Superscript can be denoted by <sup>text</sup> and subscript <sub>text</sub>.
    • Numbered or bulleted lists can be created using either numbered lines 1. 2. 3., hyphens - or asterisks *.
    • Links can be included with: [my link to pubmed](http://pubmed.com)
    • Images can be included with: ![alt text](https://bestmedicaljournal.com/study_graph.jpg "Image Title Text")
    • For footnotes use [^1](This is a footnote.) inline.
    • Or use an inline reference [^1] to refer to a longer footnote elseweher in the document [^1]: This is a long footnote..

    hide…

Want more great medical articles?

Keep up to date with a free trial of metajournal, personalized for your practice.
856,928 articles already indexed!

We guarantee your privacy. Your email address will not be shared.