• Anesthesia and analgesia · Jul 2010

    Comparative Study

    High-resolution solid-state manometry of the upper and lower esophageal sphincters during anesthesia induction: a comparison between obese and non-obese patients.

    • Alex de Leon, Sven-Egron Thörn, and Magnus Wattwil.
    • Universitetssjukhuset Orebro, 70185 Orebro, Sweden. alex.deleon@orebroll.se
    • Anesth. Analg. 2010 Jul 1; 111 (1): 149-53.

    BackgroundThe prevalence of obesity has increased dramatically in recent decades. The gastrointestinal changes associated with obesity have clinical significance for the anesthesiologist in the perioperative period. The lower esophageal sphincter and the upper esophageal sphincter play a central role in preventing regurgitation and aspiration. The effects of increased intra-abdominal pressure during anesthesia on the lower esophageal sphincter and the upper esophageal sphincter in obese patients are unknown. In the present study we evaluated, with high-resolution solid-state manometry, the upper esophageal sphincter, lower esophageal sphincter, and barrier pressure (BrP) (lower esophageal pressure--gastric pressure) in obese patients during anesthesia induction and compared them with pressures in non-obese patients.MethodsWe studied 28 patients, ages 18 to 72 years, 14 with a body mass index > or = 35 kg/m(2), who were undergoing laparoscopic gastric bypass, and 14 with a body mass index < or = 30 kg/m(2), who were undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy, using high-resolution solid-state manometry.ResultsUpper esophageal sphincter pressure decreased during anesthesia induction in both groups. Lower esophageal sphincter pressure decreased in both groups during anesthesia induction, and it was significantly lower in obese patients than in non-obese patients. The BrP decreased in both groups and was significantly lower in the obese group than in the non-obese group. The BrP remained positive at all times in both groups.ConclusionLower esophageal sphincter and BrPs decreased in both obese and non-obese patients during anesthesia induction, but were significantly lower in obese patients. Although the BrP was significantly lower, it remained positive in all patients.

      Pubmed     Full text   Copy Citation     Plaintext  

      Add institutional full text...


    Knowledge, pearl, summary or comment to share?
    300 characters remaining
    You can also include formatting, links, images and footnotes in your notes
    • Simple formatting can be added to notes, such as *italics*, _underline_ or **bold**.
    • Superscript can be denoted by <sup>text</sup> and subscript <sub>text</sub>.
    • Numbered or bulleted lists can be created using either numbered lines 1. 2. 3., hyphens - or asterisks *.
    • Links can be included with: [my link to pubmed](http://pubmed.com)
    • Images can be included with: ![alt text](https://bestmedicaljournal.com/study_graph.jpg "Image Title Text")
    • For footnotes use [^1](This is a footnote.) inline.
    • Or use an inline reference [^1] to refer to a longer footnote elseweher in the document [^1]: This is a long footnote..


Want more great medical articles?

Keep up to date with a free trial of metajournal, personalized for your practice.
1,624,503 articles already indexed!

We guarantee your privacy. Your email address will not be shared.