• BMJ quality & safety · Aug 2020

    Review Meta Analysis

    Does team reflexivity impact teamwork and communication in interprofessional hospital-based healthcare teams? A systematic review and narrative synthesis.

    • Siobhan Kathleen McHugh, Rebecca Lawton, Jane Kathryn O'Hara, and Laura Sheard.
    • School of Psychology, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK ed13skm@leeds.ac.uk.
    • BMJ Qual Saf. 2020 Aug 1; 29 (8): 672-683.

    BackgroundTeamwork and communication are recognised as key contributors to safe and high-quality patient care. Interventions targeting process and relational aspects of care may therefore provide patient safety solutions that reflect the complex nature of healthcare. Team reflexivity is one such approach with the potential to support improvements in communication and teamwork, where reflexivity is defined as the ability to pay critical attention to individual and team practices with reference to social and contextual information.ObjectiveTo systematically review articles that describe the use of team reflexivity in interprofessional hospital-based healthcare teams.MethodsFollowing the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, six electronic databases were searched to identify literature investigating the use of team reflexivity in interprofessional hospital-based healthcare teams.The review includes articles investigating the use of team reflexivity to improve teamwork and communication in any naturally occurring hospital-based healthcare teams. Articles' eligibility was validated by two second reviewers (5%).ResultsFifteen empirical articles were included in the review. Simulation training and video-reflexive ethnography (VRE) were the most commonly used forms of team reflexivity. Included articles focused on the use of reflexive interventions to improve teamwork and communication within interprofessional healthcare teams. Communication during interprofessional teamworking was the most prominent focus of improvement methods. The nature of this review only allows assessment of team reflexivity as an activity embedded within specific methods. Poorly defined methodological information relating to reflexivity in the reviewed studies made it difficult to draw conclusive evidence about the impact of reflexivity alone.ConclusionThe reviewed literature suggests that VRE is well placed to provide more locally appropriate solutions to contributory patient safety factors, ranging from individual and social learning to improvements in practices and systems.Trial Registration NumberCRD42017055602.© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ.

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