Quality has been defined by six domains: effective, equitable, timely, efficient, safe, and patient centered. Quality of anesthesia care can be improved through measurement, either through local measures in quality improvement or through national measures in value-based purchasing programs. Death directly related to anesthesia care has been reduced, but must be measured beyond simple mortality. ⋯ Anesthesiologists can also impact public health by being engaged in improving cognitive recovery after surgery and addressing the opiate crisis. Going forward, we must focus on what patients want and deserve: improved patient-oriented outcomes and satisfaction with our care. By listening to our patients and being engaged in the entire perioperative process, we can make the greatest impact on perioperative care.
Accurately identifying the cricothyroid membrane is foundational for front-of-neck rescue of airway misadventure. Yet the very patients who are at risk of a cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate scenario (eg. obese, neck pathology) are also likely to make identifying the cricothyroid membrane (CTM) difficult.
Naveed and co. compared the accuracy of CTM palpation to ultrasound in a single-blinded randomized trial of 223 patients, with poorly defined landmarks, undergoing CT neck.
The ultrasound group showed a 10-time greater success in identifying the CTM (correct within 5 mm of actual; 81% vs 8%), along with a 5-times smaller mean distance from actual to estimated, than did the palpation group.
So what's the take home?
Given the wide-availability of ultrasound and it's acceptability to patients, any pre-induction marking of the CTM in an anticipated difficult airway should employ neck ultrasound in all but the most obviously-palpable necks.
In an emergent CICO situation, neck ultrasound likely has utility, though at the potential cost of procedural complexity and delay.summary
WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: BACKGROUND:: Oropharyngeal care with chlorhexidine to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia is currently questioned, and exhaustive microbiologic data assessing its efficacy are lacking. The authors therefore aimed to study the effect of chlorhexidine mouthwash on oropharyngeal bacterial growth, to determine chlorhexidine susceptibility of these bacteria, and to measure chlorhexidine salivary concentration after an oropharyngeal care. ⋯ Chlorhexidine oropharyngeal care does not seem to reduce bacterial oropharyngeal colonization in critically ill ventilated patients. Variable chlorhexidine minimal inhibitory concentrations along with low chlorhexidine salivary concentrations after mouthwash could explain this ineffectiveness, and thus question the use of chlorhexidine for ventilator-associated pneumonia prevention.
WHAT THIS ARTICLE TELLS US THAT IS NEW: BACKGROUND:: Craniotomy for brain tumor displays significant morbidity and mortality, and no score is available to discriminate high-risk patients. Our objective was to validate a prediction score for postoperative neurosurgical complications in this setting. ⋯ The validation of prediction scores is the first step toward on-demand intensive care unit admission. Further research is needed to improve the score's performance before routine use.