The Annals of thoracic surgery
Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study Clinical Trial
Displacement of the heart to expose posterior vessels during off-pump coronary artery bypass may cause hemodynamic derangement. The aims of this study were (1) to elucidate the hemodynamic changes during off-pump coronary artery bypass for the obtuse marginal branch (OM) of the left circumflex artery; and (2) to compare the hemodynamic changes caused by a deep pericardial suture technique with those caused by a vacuum-assisted apical suction device for displacement of the heart. ⋯ Displacement of the heart using either a deep pericardial suture technique or a vacuum-assisted apical suction device caused a significant decrease in SVI. The hemodynamic changes during OM grafting were smaller when using a vacuum-assisted apical suction device.
The long-term clinical course and therapeutic strategy of patients with type B aortic intramural hematoma (IMH) are not completely known. The purpose of this study was to clarify long-term prognosis of patients with type B IMH by comparison with type B classic aortic dissection (AD). ⋯ Patients with type B IMH have similar long-term prognosis to patients with type B AD. Medical therapy with frequent follow-up imaging studies and timed surgical repair in cases with progression can be a rational therapeutic strategy in patients with type B IMH.
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the current outcome and reoperation rate after applying a one-stage correction strategy for interrupted aortic arch (IAA) with ventricular septal defect (VSD) and also for aortic coarctation and hypoplastic aortic arch (CoA-HyAA) with VSD beginning September 1999. ⋯ One-stage complete correction is feasible in newborns with aortic arch obstruction with VSD. Complex cardiac anatomy presents no additional risk for the procedure. The early one-stage correction yields excellent surgical results and good functional outcome.
Despite significant improvement in survival after stage 1 Norwood, interim mortality before the second-stage operation remains significant. On the basis of reports of improved circulatory stability associated with the use of a right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit, the difference between two physiologically different sources of pulmonary blood flow on interim mortality was investigated. ⋯ The use of a right ventricle to pulmonary artery shunt decreases the incidence of interim mortality among hospital survivors after stage 1 Norwood for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Aortic atresia, the use of a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt, and perioperative dysrhythmias are independently associated with a higher mortality before superior cavopulmonary connection.
Randomized Controlled Trial Multicenter Study Comparative Study Clinical Trial
Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) failure and malfunction rates are critical gauges for establishing LVADs as a long-term therapy for end-stage heart failure patients. These device performance measures, however, have been inadequately characterized in the bridge-to-transplantation literature. ⋯ Despite the observed rates of device malfunction and replacement, LVAD implantation confers clinically significant improvement with regard to survival as compared with medical management. Device modifications and innovations for infection management exhibit great promise of improving device performance in the near future.