European journal of anaesthesiology
Letter Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study
Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study Retracted Publication
The impact of anaesthesia using target-controlled infusion with propofol on intraoperative stability, recovery and cost compared to manually controlled infusion has been evaluated with inconsistent results. We studied a new device that allows more individual titration of propofol target-controlled infusion by using the effect-site concentration at the loss of eyelash reflex to predict the maintenance infusion rate (FM-TCI). ⋯ FM-TCI helps to provide more stable anaesthesia conditions requiring less-frequent adjustments of the propofol infusion compared to manually controlled infusion in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery.
Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study
Sevoflurane has been shown to distinctly reduce bronchial mucus transport velocity, an essential determinant of mucociliary clearance and pulmonary complications. However, sevoflurane is regarded as one of the least irritant volatile anaesthetics, especially when compared with desflurane. Hence, the aim of this double-blind, randomized, controlled trial was to assess differences in bronchial mucus transport velocity between sevoflurane and desflurane. ⋯ Desflurane is commonly regarded as more irritant to the airway, but as far as bronchial mucus transport velocity is concerned, the choice between sevoflurane and desflurane does not seem to matter.
Randomized Controlled Trial
Lornoxicam is a novel non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug with marked analgesic property. It has been shown to have analgesic potency similar to morphine and meperidine. Laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation provoke major haemodynamic responses. Minimizing perioperative adverse events in elderly patients is of utmost importance. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the effect of preoperative administration of Lornoxicam on haemodynamic changes during laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation in the elderly. ⋯ Preoperative administration of Lornoxicam attenuates the haemodynamic response to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation in the elderly.
Failed intubation is an important cause of anaesthetic-related maternal mortality. The purpose of this study was to determine the ability to predict difficult visualization of the larynx from the following preoperative airway predictive indices, in isolation and combination: modified Mallampati test, the ratio of height to thyromental distance and the Upper-Lip-Bite test. ⋯ The ratio of height to thyromental distance may prove a useful screening test for predicting difficult laryngoscopy in obstetric population.