Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery
Distal femur fractures (DFF) are rare, but associated with high complication rates and mortality, particularly in patients with osteoporosis. To improve preoperative assessment, we analyzed if cortical bone thickness on CT and AP radiographs is associated with clinical parameters of bone quality. ⋯ Our results showed that cortical thickness of the distal femur correlates with clinical parameters of bone quality and is therefore an excellent tool for assessing what surgical care should be provided. Interestingly, our findings indicate that cortical thickness on CT is more strongly correlated with clinical data than AP radiograph measurements.
Secondary fracture prevention is an essential part of hip fracture treatment. Despite this, many patients are discharged without the appropriate anti-osteoporotic medication. The aim of this study is to report the outcomes of the application of an in-hospital, surgeon-led anti-osteoporotic medication algorithm to patients with hip fractures. ⋯ The application of the surgeon-led AO Foundation algorithm enables the in-hospital initiation of anti-osteoporotic treatment, leading to better persistence to medication and decreased incidence of secondary osteoporotic fractures.
Combined PCL injuries involving the posteromedial/-lateral corner (PMC/PLC) usually require surgical management. Literature shows controversy regarding the standards of treatment. Suture-augmented repair leads to excellent results in acute knee dislocations but has not been investigated clinically in combined PCL injuries. The purpose of this multicentre study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of this technique in acute combined PCL injuries. ⋯ Level II.
Surgical smoke generated through the use of electrical surgical devices poses a risk to the surgeon, medical personnel in the operating room, and the patient by exposing them to environmentally hazardous particulate matter. Previous investigation has shown that surgical smoke leads to an increased risk of pulmonary conditions, circulatory disorders, and irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat. Transmission of infectious disease can occur through inhalation of viral particles, and the presence of carcinogens are also of major concern. The deleterious effects of surgical smoke are well documented in several subspecialties, namely dermatology and general surgery, but there has been little discussion on the topic amongst orthopedic surgeons. ⋯ Surgical smoke is an under-recognized occupational hazard within the orthopedic surgery literature. There are several strategies which can be employed to reduce risk. Further investigation is needed to understand the long-term impact of these risks, as well as what can be done to improve the practicality and compliance with protective measures.
Randomized Controlled Trial
The optimal internal fixation for non-displaced femoral neck fractures remains controversial. This study aimed to compare the clinical results of the percutaneous compression plate (PCCP) with parallel screws (PS) in treating femoral neck fractures in elderly patients. ⋯ The present study suggests that the PCCP is superior to the parallel screws fixation in the treatment of non-displaced elderly femoral neck fractures in terms of earlier full weight-bearing, shorter fracture healing time, and lower implant failure rate. Therefore, it may be a better therapeutic strategy for non-displaced femoral neck fractures in elderly patients.