Journal of palliative medicine
Parental Ethical Decision Making and Implications for Advance Care Planning: A Systematic Review and Secondary Analysis of Qualitative Literature from England and Wales, Germany, and the Netherlands.
Background: Clinicians and parents are expected to make medical treatment decisions in the child's best interests. To reach their decisions, clinicians typically apply a principled approach outlined by Beauchamp and Childress. How parents make ethical decisions is an under-researched area. ⋯ All values contributed to the previously identified theme of "being a good parent/person." Analysis of parental decision making in ACP confirmed consistency with EoC. Conclusion: The parental decision-making process is consistent with EoC. That parental decisions aim to maintain the caring relationship and are dependent on the circumstances at the time has implications for parental decision making in ACP and should be reflected in future policies.
Emergency Providers' Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Hospice and Palliative Care: A Cross-Sectional Analysis Across 35 Emergency Departments in the United States.
Background: Emergency providers' knowledge and attitudes may be a barrier to adopting hospice and palliative care practice. Objective: To assess provider characteristics associated with knowledge and attitudes toward hospice and palliative care (KAHP). Design: Cross-sectional analysis. ⋯ Increased years of practice were associated with increased mean self-reported knowledge and attitudes scores among APPs and nurses. Conclusion: Understanding the provider characteristics associated with hospice and palliative care adoption in the ED may inform the development of interventions for specific providers. ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03424109).
Intersection of Palliative Care and Hospice Use Among Patients With Advanced Lung Cancer.
Background: Hospice and palliative care (PC) are important components of lung cancer care and independently provide benefits to patients and their families. Objective: To better understand the relationship between hospice and PC and factors that influence this relationship. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of patients diagnosed with advanced lung cancer (stage IIIB/IV) within the U. ⋯ Conclusions: Among patients with advanced lung cancer, PC was associated with hospice enrollment. However, this relationship varied by geographic region, and PC team and facility characteristics. Our findings suggest that regional PC resource availability may contribute to substitution effects between PC and hospice for end-of-life care.
Fractured Personhood, Suicide, and Lessons from Those Nearing Death.
Sometimes dying patients teach us things that apply across the entirety of the life cycle. There is a significant literature indicating that some patients toward end of life covet an earlier, or hastened, death. ⋯ This idea describes a state of brokenness, causing people to feel they are no longer the person they once were, and that the person they have become is no longer worthy of living. This article explores the idea of fractioned personhood, and how this concept might inform our understanding of self-harm and suicide within the general population.
Does Geography Play a Role in the Receipt of End-of-Life Care for Advanced Cancer Patients? Evidence from an Australian Local Health District Population-Based Study.
Objectives: To assess the influence of geographic remoteness on health care utilization at end of life (EOL) by people with advanced cancer in a geographically diverse Australian local health district, using two objective measures of rurality and travel-time estimations to health care facilities. Methods: This retrospective cohort study examined the association between rurality (using the Modified Monash Model) and travel-time estimation, and demographic and clinical factors, with the receipt of >1 inpatient and outpatient health service in the last year of life in multivariate models. The study cohort comprised of 3546 patients with cancer, aged ≥18 years, who died in a public hospital between 2015 and 2019. ⋯ Shorter travel times (10-<30 minutes) were associated with higher rates of inpatient specialist PC (aRR 1.48, 95% CI: 1.09-1.98). Conclusions: Reporting on a series of inpatient and outpatient services used in the last year of life, measures of rurality and travel-time estimates can be useful tools to estimate geographic variation in EOL cancer care provision, with significant gaps uncovered in inpatient PC and outpatient service utilization in rural areas. Policies aimed at redistributing EOL resources in rural and regional communities to reduce travel times to health care facilities could help to reduce regional disparities and ensure equitable access to EOL care services.