Journal of psychosomatic research
Acceptance and commitment-based therapy for patients with psychiatric and physical health conditions in routine general hospital care - Development, implementation and outcomes.
Transdiagnostic approaches are needed to effectively treat patients with a broad range of diagnoses and comorbidities in routine general hospital care. Yet the evidence for the effectiveness of treatments beyond Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is largely lacking. We describe the process of implementing an interdisciplinary multi-professional Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)-based treatment for patients with psychiatric and physical health conditions and present outcomes before and after implementation. ⋯ An interdisciplinary multi-professional ACT-based group treatment is a valuable approach for patients with psychiatric and physical health conditions in real-life hospital settings, with effects equivalent to CBT interventions.
A comparison of open-label and deceptive placebo analgesia in a healthy sample.
A small number of studies have supported the efficacy of open-label placebos (OLPs) in reducing pain. However, research comparing the effectiveness of OLPs with deceptive placebos (DPs) is limited, and the relative impact on pain tolerance versus intensity are not yet understood. This study therefore, examined the effectiveness of a nasal placebo administered openly and deceptively on pain intensity and tolerance during a cold pressor test (CPT). ⋯ The increase in pain intensity reported within the post-treatment CPT in the NT group was not apparent in either the OLP or DP groups, with no significant differences between OLP and DP effectiveness. These findings suggest that deception may not be necessary for effective placebo treatment and have implications for the management of pain.
Bidirectional relationship between physical health symptoms and depressive symptoms in the pre- and postpartum period.
To test the bidirectional relationships between physical health symptoms (PHS) and depressive symptoms (DS) as well as between the intensity of 'any pain' and DS in the pre- and postpartum period METHOD: Women (N = 615) completed the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, the Patients Health Questionnaire-15, and numerical pain rating scales when they were between 32 and 37 weeks of gestation, and subsequently one, three, and six months postpartum. We conducted two random intercept cross-lagged panel models (RI-CLPM) RESULTS: Both models presented excellent fits. The relationship between PHS and DS was bidirectional across all the data waves (χ2(9) = 6.610, p = .678, CFI = 1, TLI = 1, RMSEA = 0). The magnitude of the standardized cross-lagged regression coefficient was relatively similar from DS to PHS (raging between 0.081 and 0.171); and from PHS to DS (raging between 0.121 and 0.138). The relationship between 'any pain' intensity and DS was also bidirectional, but only during the postnatal period (χ2(9) =11.765, p = .227, CFI = 0.99, TLI = 0.98, RMSEA = 0.022). The magnitude of the standardized cross-lagged regression coefficient was higher from DS to 'any pain' intensity (raging between 0.214 and 0.216); than from 'any pain' intensity to DS (raging between 0.092 and 0.097). ⋯ Concurrently intervening over physical and mental health symptoms could promote women's perinatal health.
Historical trauma and social support as predictors of psychological stress responses in American Indian adults during the COVID-19 pandemic.
American Indians (AIs) live with historical trauma, or the cumulative emotional and psychological wounding that is passed from one generation to the next in response to the loss of lives and culture. Psychological consequences of historical trauma may contribute to health disparities. ⋯ Historical trauma may contribute to AI mental health disparities, through heightened psychological stress responses to life stressors and social support appears to moderate this relationship.
The prevalence and risk factors of PTSD symptoms among medical assistance workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.
The outbreak of COVID 19 in December 2019 spread quickly and overwhelmed the local healthcare system of the epicenter. A total of 346 medical assistance teams with 42,600 reserve medics were mobilized from around the country for emergency assistance. This study aims to examine the incidence of mental health symptoms and predictors of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders (PTSD) symptoms among the reserve medics working in Wuhan, the capital city of Hubei Province. ⋯ The reserve medics reported a high prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress as well as clinically concerned PTSD symptoms. Comprehensive screening and intervention programs should be in place to help reserve medics cope with mental health challenges and build resilience during the COVID 19 pandemic.