• Neuroscience · Feb 2022

    Functional Complex Networks Based on Operational Architectonics: Application on EEG-BCI for Imagined Speech.

    • A C Iliopoulos and I Papasotiriou.
    • Research Genetic Cancer Centre S.A. Industrial Area of Florina, 53100 Florina, Greece.
    • Neuroscience. 2022 Feb 21; 484: 98-118.

    AbstractA new method for analyzing brain complex dynamics and states is presented. This method constructs functional brain graphs and is comprised of two pylons: (a) Operational architectonics (OA) concept of brain and mind functioning. (b) Network neuroscience. In particular, the algorithm utilizes OA framework for a non-parametric segmentation of EEG signals, which leads to the identification of change points, namely abrupt jumps in EEG amplitude, called Rapid Transition Processes (RTPs). Subsequently, the time coordinates of RTPs are used for the generation of undirected weighted complex networks fulfilling a scale-free topology criterion, from which various network metrics of brain connectivity are estimated. These metrics form feature vectors, which can be used in machine learning algorithms for classification and/or prediction. The method is tested in classification problems on an EEG-based BCI data set, acquired from individuals during imagery pronunciation tasks of various words/vowels. The classification results, based on a Naïve Bayes classifier, show that the overall accuracies were found to be above chance level in all tested cases. This method was also compared with other state-of-the-art computational approaches commonly used for functional network generation, exhibiting competitive performance. The method can be useful to neuroscientists wishing to enhance their repository of brain research algorithms.Copyright © 2021 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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