• Neuroscience · Feb 2022

    Autophagy of spinal microglia affects the activation of microglia through the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway.

    • Jingjuan Li, Xin Cheng, Dan Fu, Yi Liang, Cai Chen, Wei Deng, and Liang He.
    • Department of Anesthesiology, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510900, China.
    • Neuroscience. 2022 Feb 1; 482: 77-86.

    AbstractDelayed paralysis occurs within some patients suffered from ischemic spinal cord injury (ISCI) due to the aorta occlusion during the repair surgery of thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. Although mild hypothermia has been reported to improve ISCI and prolong the tolerance of rats to ISCI without inducing immediate paralysis, the mechanism remains unclear. Herein, the study revealed that the mild hypothermia treatment indeed partially improved the ISCI in rats caused by cross-clamping at the descending aorta. ISCI induced the excessive activation of microglia and moderate autophagy in the spinal cord tissues of rats, while mild hypothermia significantly induced autophagy and reversed the excessive activation of microglia in the spinal cord tissues of rats. In OGD-stimulated mouse microglia BV-2 cells, the excessive activation of microglia and moderate autophagy were also observed; in the rapamycin-treated OGD model in BV-2 cells, autophagy was significantly enhanced whereas the excessive activation of microglia was reversed. In both in vivo ISCI model in rats and in vitro OGD model in BV-2 cells, the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway showed to be inhibited, whereas the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway was further inhibited by mild hypothermia in ISCI rats or rapamycin treatment in OGD-stimulated BV-2 cells. In conclusion, enhanced autophagy might be the mechanism of inhibited microglia activation by hypothermia treatment in ISCI rats and by rapamycin treatment in OGD-stimulated BV-2 cells. Autophagy could be enhanced through inhibiting the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway.Copyright © 2021 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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