• Anesthesiology · Jun 2024

    Observational Study

    Association between Colonoscopy Sedation Type and Polyp Detection: A Registry-based Cohort Study.

    • Aurora N Quaye, William M Hisey, Todd A Mackenzie, Christina M Robinson, Janelle M Richard, Joseph C Anderson, Robert D Warters, and Lynn F Butterly.
    • Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine; Division of Anesthesiology, Spectrum Healthcare Partners, South Portland, Maine; Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.
    • Anesthesiology. 2024 Jun 1; 140 (6): 108810971088-1097.

    BackgroundColorectal cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related death. Adenomas and serrated polyps are precursors of colorectal cancer, with serrated polyps being more difficult to detect during colonoscopy. The relationship between propofol use and polyp detection remains unclear. The authors investigated the association of propofol-based versus mild-moderate sedation on adenoma and serrated polyp detection during colonoscopy.MethodsThis retrospective cohort study used observational data from the New Hampshire Colonoscopy Registry. Patients aged greater than 50 yr with screening or surveillance colonoscopies between January 1, 2015, and February 28, 2020, were included. Exclusions were diagnostic examinations, no sedation, missing pathology data, and poor bowel preparation. Multivariate logistic regression was used to evaluate differences in polyp detection between propofol and moderate sedation in the full sample while adjusting for covariates. Propensity score adjustment and clustering at the endoscopist level were used in a restricted sample analysis that included endoscopists and facilities with between 5% and 95% propofol sedation use.ResultsA total of 54,063 colonoscopies were analyzed in the full sample and 18,998 in the restricted sample. Serrated polyp prevalence was significantly higher using propofol (9,957 of 29,312; 34.0% [95% CI, 33.4 to 34.5%]) versus moderate sedation (6,066 of 24,751; 24.5% [95% CI, 24.0 to 25.1%]) in the full sample and restricted samples (1,410 of 4,661; 30.3% [95% CI, 28.9 to 31.6%] vs. 3,690 of 14,337; 25.7% [95% CI, 25.0 to 26.5%]). In the full sample multivariate logistic regression, propofol was associated with higher neoplasm (adjusted odds ratio, 1.25 [95% CI, 1.21 to 1.29]), adenoma (odds ratio, 1.07 [95% CI, 1.03 to 1.11]), and serrated polyp detection (odds ratio, 1.51 [95% CI, 1.46 to 1.57]). In the restricted sample using inverse probability of treatment weighted propensity score adjustment and clustering at the endoscopist level, an attenuated but statistically significant effect size was observed for serrated polyps (odds ratio, 1.13 [95% CI, 1.07 to 1.19]), but not for adenomas (odds ratio, 1.00 [95% CI, 0.95 to 1.05]) or any neoplastic lesion (odds ratio, 1.03 [95% CI, 0.98 to 1.08]).ConclusionsPropofol sedation during colonoscopy may be associated with improved detection of serrated polyps, but not adenomas.Copyright © 2024 American Society of Anesthesiologists. All Rights Reserved.

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