- Soshi Iwasaki, Michiaki Yamakage, Jun-Ichi Satoh, and Akiyoshi Namiki.
- Department of Anesthesiology, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, South 1 West 16, Chuo-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8543, USA.
- Anesthesiology. 2006 Oct 1; 105 (4): 753-63.
BackgroundThe authors hypothesized that sevoflurane had different inhibitory effects on hyperreactive airway smooth muscle contractility in different types of hyperreactive airway models.MethodsThe effects of sevoflurane on hyperreactive airways in ovalbumin-sensitized and chronic cigarette-smoking guinea pig models were investigated by measuring (1) total lung resistance, (2) smooth muscle tension and intracellular concentration of free Ca, (3) voltage-dependent Ca channel activity, and (4) cyclic adenosine monophosphate levels.ResultsOvalbumin and muscarinic airway hyperreactivity was seen in ovalbumin-sensitized animals. Enlarged alveolar ducts/alveoli and lesser muscarinic hyperreactivity were observed in chronic cigarette-smoke animals. Although sevoflurane inhibited the acetylcholine-induced increase in total lung resistance in the control and ovalbumin-sensitized models, the anesthetic had a smaller effect in the chronic cigarette-smoking model. Similarly, in the chronic cigarette-smoking model, sevoflurane had a smaller inhibitory effect on carbachol-induced muscle contraction and increase in intracellular concentration of free Ca. Sevoflurane also had a smaller inhibitory effect on voltage-dependent Ca channel activity in the chronic cigarette-smoking group than in the other two groups. The sevoflurane-induced increase in cyclic adenosine monophosphate that was seen in the control and ovalbumin-sensitized groups was significantly suppressed in the chronic cigarette-smoking group.ConclusionsAlthough sevoflurane potently inhibited airway contractility in control and ovalbumin-sensitized models, the anesthetic had a smaller effect in a chronic cigarette-smoking model. The different inhibitory effects of sevoflurane on airway contractility depend, at least in part, on different effects on voltage-dependent Ca channel activity and cyclic adenosine monophosphate level.
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