Randomized Controlled Trial
- N P Patel, S L Armstrong, R Fernando, M O Columb, J K Bray, V Sodhi, and G R Lyons.
- Research Fellow in Obstetric Anaesthesia, University College London Hospitals NHS Trust, London, UK.
- Anaesthesia. 2012 Jun 1;67(6):584-93.
AbstractLabour analgesia initiated using a combined spinal-epidural (CSE) technique may reduce subsequent epidural bupivacaine requirements compared with an epidural-only technique. We compared the minimum local analgesic concentrations (MLAC) of epidural bupivacaine following initial intrathecal or epidural injection. In a prospective, double-blind study, 115 women requesting epidural analgesia were randomly assigned to receive either an epidural with bupivacaine 20 mg and fentanyl 40 μg or a CSE with intrathecal bupivacaine 2.5 mg and fentanyl 5 μg. Analgesia was assessed using a visual analogue pain score. When further analgesia was requested, bupivacaine 20 ml was given, and the concentration was determined using the technique of up-down sequential allocation. The MLAC of bupivacaine in the epidural group was 0.032% wt/vol (95% CI 0.020-0.044) compared with 0.047% wt/vol (95% CI 0.042-0.052) in the CSE group. Bupivacaine requirements for the second injection were increased following intrathecal analgesia by a factor of 1.45 (p = 0.026) compared with epidural analgesia.Anaesthesia © 2012 The Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland.
Knowledge, pearl, summary or comment to share?
You can also include formatting, links, images and footnotes in your notes
- Simple formatting can be added to notes, such as
- Superscript can be denoted by
- Numbered or bulleted lists can be created using either numbered lines
1. 2. 3., hyphens
- Links can be included with:
[my link to pubmed](http://pubmed.com)
- Images can be included with:
![alt text](https://bestmedicaljournal.com/study_graph.jpg "Image Title Text")
- For footnotes use
[^1](This is a footnote.)inline.
- Or use an inline reference
[^1]to refer to a longer footnote elseweher in the document
[^1]: This is a long footnote..