• Anesthesiology · Mar 2014

    Myocardial Injury after Noncardiac Surgery: A Large, International, Prospective Cohort Study Establishing Diagnostic Criteria, Characteristics, Predictors, and 30-day Outcomes.

    • Fernando Botto, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Matthew T V Chan, Juan Carlos Villar, Denis Xavier, Sadeesh Srinathan, Gordon Guyatt, Patricia Cruz, Michelle Graham, C Y Wang, Otavio Berwanger, Rupert M Pearse, Bruce M Biccard, Valsa Abraham, German Malaga, Graham S Hillis, Reitze N Rodseth, Deborah Cook, Carisi A Polanczyk, Wojciech Szczeklik, Daniel I Sessler, Tej Sheth, Gareth L Ackland, Martin Leuwer, Amit X Garg, Yannick Lemanach, Shirley Pettit, Diane Heels-Ansdell, Giovanna Luratibuse, Michael Walsh, Robert Sapsford, Holger J Schünemann, Andrea Kurz, Sabu Thomas, Marko Mrkobrada, Lehana Thabane, Hertzel Gerstein, Pilar Paniagua, Peter Nagele, Parminder Raina, Salim Yusuf, P J Devereaux, Matthew J McQueen, Mohit Bhandari, Jackie Bosch, Norman Buckley, Clara K Chow, Richard Halliwell, Stephen Li, Vincent W Lee, John Mooney, Mariana V Furtado, Erica Suzumura, Eliana Santucci, Katia Leite, Jose Amalth do Espirirto Santo, Cesar A P Jardim, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti, Helio Penna Guimaraes, Michael J Jacka, Finlay McAlister, Sean McMurtry, Derek Townsend, Neesh Pannu, Sean Bagshaw, Amal Bessissow, Emmanuelle Duceppe, John Eikelboom, Javier Ganame, James Hankinson, Stephen Hill, Sanjit Jolly, Andre Lamy, Elizabeth Ling, Patrick Magloire, Guillaume Pare, Deven Reddy, David Szalay, Jacques Tittley, Jeff Weitz, Richard Whitlock, Saeed Darvish-Kazim, Justin Debeer, Peter Kavsak, Clive Kearon, Richard Mizera, Martin O'Donnell, Matthew McQueen, Jehonathan Pinthus, Sebastian Ribas, Marko Simunovic, Vikas Tandon, Tomas Vanhelder, Mitchell Winemaker, Sarah McDonald, Paul O'Bryne, Ameen Patel, James Paul, Zubin Punthakee, Karen Raymer, Omid Salehian, Fred Spencer, Stephen Walter, Andrew Worster, Anthony Adili, Catherine Clase, Mark Crowther, James Douketis, Azim Gangji, Paul Jackson, Wendy Lim, Peter Lovrics, Sergio Mazzadi, William Orovan, Jill Rudkowski, Mark Soth, Maria Tiboni, Rey Acedillo, Amit Garg, Ainslie Hildebrand, Ngan Lam, Danielle Macneil, Pavel S Roshanov, Sadeesh K Srinathan, Clare Ramsey, Philip St John, Laurel Thorlacius, Faisal S Siddiqui, Hilary P Grocott, Andrew McKay, Trevor W R Lee, Ryan Amadeo, Duane Funk, Heather McDonald, James Zacharias, Olga Lucía Cortés, Maria Stella Chaparro, Skarlett Vásquez, Alvaro Castañeda, Silvia Ferreira, Pierre Coriat, Denis Monneret, Jean Pierre Goarin, Cristina Ibanez Esteve, Catherine Royer, Georges Daas, Gordon Y S Choi, Tony Gin, Lydia C W Lit, Alben Sigamani, Atiya Faruqui, Radhika Dhanpal, Smitha Almeida, Joseph Cherian, Sultana Furruqh, Lalita Afzal, Preetha George, Shaveta Mala, Holger Schünemann, Paola Muti, Enrico Vizza, G S Y Ong, Marzida Mansor, Alvin S B Tan, Ina I Shariffuddin, V Vasanthan, N H M Hashim, A Wahab Undok, Ushananthini Ki, Hou Yee Lai, Wan Azman Ahmad, Azad H A Razack, Vanessa Valderrama-Victoria, Javier D Loza-Herrera, Maria De Los Angeles Lazo, Aida Rotta-Rotta, Barbara Sokolowska, Jacek Musial, Jacek Gorka, Pawel Iwaszczuk, Mateusz Kozka, Maciej Chwala, Marcin Raczek, Tomasz Mrowiecki, Bogusz Kaczmarek, Bruce Biccard, Hussein Cassimjee, Dean Gopalan, Theroshnie Kisten, Aine Mugabi, Prebashini Naidoo, Rubeshan Naidoo, Reitze Rodseth, David Skinner, Alex Torborg, Gerard Urrutia, Mari Luz Maestre, Miquel Santaló, Raúl Gonzalez, Adrià Font, Cecilia Martínez, Xavier Pelaez, Marta De Antonio, Jose Marcial Villamor, Jesús Alvarez García, Maria José Ferré, Ekaterina Popova, Ignacio Garutti, Carmen Fernández, Maria Palencia, Susana Díaz, Teresa Del Castillo, Alberto Varela, Angeles de Miguel, Manuel Muñoz, Patricia Piñeiro, Gabriel Cusati, Maria Del Barrio, Maria José Membrillo, David Orozco, Fidel Reyes, Robert J Sapsford, Julian Barth, Julian Scott, Alistair Hall, Simon Howell, Michaela Lobley, Janet Woods, Susannah Howard, Joanne Fletcher, Nikki Dewhirst, C Williams, A Rushton, I Welters, M Leuwer, Rupert Pearse, Gareth Ackland, Ahsun Khan, Edyta Niebrzegowska, Sally Benton, Andrew Wragg, Andrew Archbold, Amanda Smith, Eleanor McAlees, Cheryl Ramballi, Neil Macdonald, Marta Januszewska, Robert Stephens, Anna Reyes, Laura Gallego Paredes, Pervez Sultan, David Cain, John Whittle, Ana Gutierrez Del Arroyo, Zhuo Sun, Patrick S Finnegan, Cameron Egan, Hooman Honar, Aram Shahinyan, Krit Panjasawatwong, Alexander Y Fu, Sihe Wang, Edmunds Reineks, Jane Blood, Megan Kalin, David Gibson, Troy Wildes, Vascular events In noncardiac Surgery patIents cOhort evaluatioN (VISION) Writing Group, on behalf of The Vascular events In noncardiac Surgery patIents cOhort evaluatioN (VISION) Investigators, Appendix 1. The Vascular events In noncardiac Surgery patIents cOhort evaluatioN (VISION) Study Investigators Writing Group, Appendix 2. The Vascular events In noncardiac Surgery patIents cOhort evaluatioN Operations Committee, and Vascular events In noncardiac Surgery patIents cOhort evaluatioN VISION Study Investigators.
    • From the Hamilton General Hospital, David Braley Cardiac, Vascular, and Stroke Research Institute, Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada (P.J.D.); and Members of The VISION Writing Group and VISION Investigators, who are listed in appendix 1 and appendix 2, respectively. Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Department of Clinical Research, Estudios Clinicos Latino America (ECLA), Rosario, Argentina Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau (IIB Sant Pau), Barcelona, Spain The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga and Fundación Cardioinfantil, Colombia St. John's Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore, India Department of Surgery, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Maranon, Madrid, Spain University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada University of Malaya, Kuala Lampur, Malaysia Research Institute Hcor (Hospital do Coracao), Sao Paulo, Brazil Barts & The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, United Kingdom University of Kwazulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, India Universidad PeruanaCayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru The George Institute for Global Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; University of Kwazulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, Universidade Federal de Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilto
    • Anesthesiology. 2014 Mar 1; 120 (3): 564-78.

    BackgroundMyocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS) was defined as prognostically relevant myocardial injury due to ischemia that occurs during or within 30 days after noncardiac surgery. The study's four objectives were to determine the diagnostic criteria, characteristics, predictors, and 30-day outcomes of MINS.MethodsIn this international, prospective cohort study of 15,065 patients aged 45 yr or older who underwent in-patient noncardiac surgery, troponin T was measured during the first 3 postoperative days. Patients with a troponin T level of 0.04 ng/ml or greater (elevated "abnormal" laboratory threshold) were assessed for ischemic features (i.e., ischemic symptoms and electrocardiography findings). Patients adjudicated as having a nonischemic troponin elevation (e.g., sepsis) were excluded. To establish diagnostic criteria for MINS, the authors used Cox regression analyses in which the dependent variable was 30-day mortality (260 deaths) and independent variables included preoperative variables, perioperative complications, and potential MINS diagnostic criteria.ResultsAn elevated troponin after noncardiac surgery, irrespective of the presence of an ischemic feature, independently predicted 30-day mortality. Therefore, the authors' diagnostic criterion for MINS was a peak troponin T level of 0.03 ng/ml or greater judged due to myocardial ischemia. MINS was an independent predictor of 30-day mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 3.87; 95% CI, 2.96-5.08) and had the highest population-attributable risk (34.0%, 95% CI, 26.6-41.5) of the perioperative complications. Twelve hundred patients (8.0%) suffered MINS, and 58.2% of these patients would not have fulfilled the universal definition of myocardial infarction. Only 15.8% of patients with MINS experienced an ischemic symptom.ConclusionAmong adults undergoing noncardiac surgery, MINS is common and associated with substantial mortality.

      Pubmed     Free full text   Copy Citation  

      Add institutional full text...

    Notes

     
    Knowledge, pearl, summary or comment to share?
    300 characters remaining
    help        
    You can also include formatting, links, images and footnotes in your notes
    • Simple formatting can be added to notes, such as *italics*, _underline_ or **bold**.
    • Superscript can be denoted by <sup>text</sup> and subscript <sub>text</sub>.
    • Numbered or bulleted lists can be created using either numbered lines 1. 2. 3., hyphens - or asterisks *.
    • Links can be included with: [my link to pubmed](http://pubmed.com)
    • Images can be included with: ![alt text](https://bestmedicaljournal.com/study_graph.jpg "Image Title Text")
    • For footnotes use [^1](This is a footnote.) inline.
    • Or use an inline reference [^1] to refer to a longer footnote elseweher in the document [^1]: This is a long footnote..

    hide…

Want more great medical articles?

Keep up to date with a free trial of metajournal, personalized for your practice.
988,657 articles already indexed!

We guarantee your privacy. Your email address will not be shared.