The American journal of emergency medicine
Hemophilia is a bleeding disorder due to coagulation pathway factor deficiency that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. ⋯ Emergency physician knowledge of hemophilia, including the presentation, evaluation, and management, can improve the care of these patients.
Multicenter Study Comparative Study
Intracranial hemorrhages (ICHs) are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Use of oral anticoagulants are a potential risk factor for ICH, and reversal of the anticoagulant with agents such as Four-Factor Prothrombin Complex Concentrate (4F-PCC) or Activated Prothrombin Complex Concentrate (aPCC) is vital to prevent hematoma expansion. The objective of the study was to the compare the time to administration and outcomes of 4F-PCC or aPCC in patients with ICH taking an oral anticoagulant. ⋯ In patients with ICH taking oral anticoagulants, there was no significant difference in the time to administration between 4F-PCC and aPCC. More prospective randomized controlled trials are warranted to determine an ideal reversal time to improve patient outcomes.
Multicenter Study Observational Study
Early prediction of brain death (BD) after the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in patients with cardiac arrest would be useful for the proper distribution of good quality transplantable organs and medical resources. We aimed to early identify independent risk factors of BD and their predictive performance in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors. ⋯ High levels of initial serum NSE and PLR obtained within 6 h after ROSC may help early predict progression to BD in OHCA survivors. A large prospective multicenter study should be conducted to confirm these results.
There exists a need for prognostic tools for the early identification of COVID-19 patients requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission and mortality. Here we investigated the association between a clinical (initial prehospital shock index (SI)) and biological (initial prehospital lactatemia) tool and the ICU admission and 30-day mortality among COVID-19 patients cared for in the prehospital setting. ⋯ Neither prehospital initial SI nor lactatemia were associated with ICU admission and 30-day mortality among COVID-19 patients initially cared for by a Paris Fire Brigade BLS or ALS team. Further prospective studies are needed to confirm these preliminary results.
Scorpion envenomation may cause local symptoms as well as life-threatening situations including shock, and death. Antivenom administration is the cornerstone of therapy, meticulous patient selection is needed because of the possible side effects of the antivenom including anaphylaxis. Peripheral perfusion index (PPI) is a simple, non-invasive test that is widely used for the detection of peripheral hypoperfusion. We aimed to investigate the value of using PPI to predict the need for antivenom administration for scorpion envenomation. ⋯ PPI can better reflect the ongoing systemic inflammation and the need for antivenom compared to other vital parameters. Therefore, we suggest this noninvasive and objective test may have a significant role in detecting patients who need antivenom in the early phase of scorpion envenomation. However, more studies are needed to elucidate the role of PPI in scorpion envenomation.