Journal of clinical anesthesia
Multicenter Study Observational Study
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a rare yet potentially fatal pharmacogenetic disorder triggered by exposure to inhalational anesthetics and the depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent succinylcholine. Epidemiologic data on the geographic variation in MH prevalence is scant. The objective of this study is to examine the prevalence of recorded MH diagnosis in patients discharged from hospitals in four states in the United States. ⋯ There exists a modest variation in the prevalence of recorded MH diagnosis in hospital discharges in California, Florida, New York and Wisconsin. Epidemiologic patterns of MH diagnosis in hospital discharges appear to be similar across the four states. Further research is needed to better understand the geographic variation and contributing factors of MH in different populations.
The glass vial of acetaminophen as an intravenous preparation (Acelio®, Terumo, Japan) has a strong internal negative pressure. The aim of our study was to determine if this negative pressure could result in medication administration errors if not released prior to connecting to the IV set. ⋯ A considerable number of anesthesiologists experienced consequences caused by the negative pressure inside the Acelio® vial. This can also cause aspiration of the contents of the syringe pump.
Multicenter Study Comparative Study Clinical Trial
The use of short-acting anesthetics has introduced a "fast-track anesthesia" concept in outpatient surgery which provides discharge of the patients from operation room directly to the phase II recovery area without entering into postanesthesia care unit. The aim of this prospective and randomized study was to compare general anesthesia using sevoflurane with propofol-remifentanil-based total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) for fast-track eligibility in patients undergoing outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The secondary aim was to compare 2 discharge scoring systems: White's Fast-Tracking Scoring System (WFTSS) and Modified Aldrete Scoring Systems (MASS) with regard to postanesthesia care unit bypass rate and postoperative problems. ⋯ The ratio of fast-track eligible patients was higher and times to fast-track eligibility were shorter in group TIVA compared with group sevoflurane (82.1% vs 57.5% and 8 minutes vs 12 minutes; P<.05). The primary factors that have inhibited fast-tracking were desaturation, hemodynamic instability, pain, and postoperative nausea and vomiting, respectively. Postoperative nausea and vomiting presented a major difference in the rate of fast-track ineligibility between groups (4 patients in group sevoflurane, whereas none in group TIVA; P<.05). The fast-track ratio was lower with the WFTSS compared with MASS in group sevoflurane (57.5% vs 77.5%, P<.05), but similar in group TIVA.