A puzzling observation is why peripheral nerve injury results in chronic pain in some, but not all, patients. We explored potential mechanisms that may prevent the expression of chronic pain. Sprague Dawley (SD) or Holtzman (HZ) rats showed no differences in baseline sensory thresholds or responses to inflammatory stimuli. ⋯ Thus, expression of nerve injury-induced pain may ultimately depend on descending modulation. Engagement of descending inhibition protects in the transition from acute to chronic pain. These unexpected findings might provide a mechanistic explanation for medications that engage descending inhibition or mimic its consequences.
Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study
Time to achieve full reversal (TOFR > 0.9) was significantly faster with sugammadex (107s ± 61) than neostigmine (1044 ±590s) or edrophonium (331s ± 27).
All sugammadex-reversed patients were completely reversed within 5 minutes, compared with no patients receiving neostigmine.
Reversal with sugammadex lead to less increase in heart-rate than when neostigmine-glycopyrrolate or edrophonium-atropine and almost total avoidance of the dry-mouth associated with the later (5% vs 85-95%)summary
Randomized Controlled Trial Multicenter Study
Randomized Controlled Trial
Review Meta Analysis