Sickle cell disease (SCD) is associated with many pathological and functional abnormalities affecting all organ systems. Renal manifestations of SCD may result in end-stage renal disease (ESRD), which can be treated by chronic haemodialysis or renal transplantation. Renal transplantation was successfully performed in a 25-yr-old male with sickle cell beta-thalassaemia and nephrotic syndrome. We present a case report of this patient, a discussion of the renal complications associated with SCD and the perioperative management of a patient with SCD undergoing renal transplantation.
Quality of life after critical illness is becoming increasingly important as survival improves. Various measures have been used to study the quality of life of patients discharged from intensive care. We systematically reviewed validated measures of quality of life and their results. ⋯ Quality of life improved for one year after hospital discharge. The aspects of life that improved most were physical function, physical role, vitality and social function. However, these domains were also the least likely to recover to population norms as they were more profoundly affected by critical illness.
Gorham-Stout disease is a rare disorder of bone loss and proliferation of lymphatic and vascular tissue (lymphangiomatosis). A 30-year-old nulliparous woman with Gorham-Stout disease presented at 8weeks of gestation with a fused cervical spine. At 31weeks she developed basilar invagination and neurological symptoms that were managed with a neck brace. ⋯ A semi-urgent cesarean delivery under spinal anesthetic proceeded uneventfully, with an otolaryngologist present in case a surgical airway was required. Mother and baby were discharged home after three days. Maternal postpartum recovery was complicated by episodes of respiratory compromise and critical bone loss in the cervical spine, necessitating further surgical reinforcement.
The concept of radiofrequency denervation has recently come under question in light of several studies showing minimal to no benefit. One possibility proposed for these negative outcomes is poor selection criteria. Unlike virtually all other spine interventions, the factors associated with success and failure for cervical facet denervation have yet to be determined. The purpose of this study is to determine which demographic, clinical and treatment factors are associated with cervical facet radiofrequency denervation outcomes. ⋯ Selecting patients based on key clinical variables may increase the chance of treatment success for cervical facet radiofrequency denervation.
There have been several investigations reporting on urinary retention in postpartum women who delivered vaginally with epidural blockade. The mechanism and incidence of urinary retention in relation to epidural analgesia, however, are not established. The objectives of this study were to investigate the association between various obstetric parameters and urinary retention and to determine whether those women with postpartum urinary retention subsequently develop urinary problems. ⋯ Epidural analgesia provides valuable pain relief but may be associated with greater residual urine. Postpartum urinary retention is, however, more related to prolonged labor than to the effect of epidural analgesia itself. Close monitoring of the progress of labor and avoiding urine retention are essential.