Multicenter Study Clinical Trial
Post-partum haemorrhage (PPH) causes rapidly developing deficiencies in clotting factors and contributes to substantial maternal morbidity and mortality. Rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM(®)) is increasingly used as a point of care coagulation monitoring device in patients with massive haemorrhage; however, there are limited data on reference ranges in the peri-partum period. These are required due to the haemostatic changes in pregnancy. ⋯ Reference values for ROTEM(®) parameters are reported. The previously published correlation between FIBTEM parameters and plasma fibrinogen levels by the Clauss method is confirmed. Further research is needed to define threshold values for haemostatic therapy in the course of PPH. Clinical trial registration NTR 2515 (http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=2515).
Although EDs are responsible for the initial care of critically ill patients and the amount of critical care provided in the ED is increasing, there are few data examining mechanical ventilation (MV) in the ED. In addition, characteristics of ED-based ventilation may affect planning for ventilator shortages during pandemic influenza or bioterrorist events. The study examined the epidemiology of MV in US EDs, including demographic, clinical, and hospital characteristics; indications for MV; ED length of stay (LOS); and in-hospital mortality. ⋯ Patients undergoing ED MV have particularly high in-hospital mortality rates, but their ED LOS is sufficient for implementation of evidence-based ventilator interventions.
We evaluate physician productivity using electronic medical records in a community hospital emergency department. ⋯ Emergency department physicians spend significantly more time entering data into electronic medical records than on any other activity, including direct patient care. Improved efficiency in data entry would allow emergency physicians to devote more time to patient care, thus increasing hospital revenue.
Review Case Reports
A systematic review of 29 published cases of neuraxial obstetric drug errors, including four maternal deaths related to inadvertent intrathecall tranexamic acid.
What’s the first warning sign of an intrathecal drug error?
Block failure was the most frequent reported complication.
What were the most common human factors causing the errors?
- Similar drug ampoule appearance.
- Drug storage problems.
Any recommendations to reduce the risk of drug errors?
- Carefully read the ampoule before drawing up, and the syringe label before administering.
- Label syringes!
- Check labels with a second person or a device.
- Use non–luer lock connectors on all neuraxial catheters & devices.