Epidural anesthesia may reduce post-thoracotomy chronic pain (OR 0.33) and paravertebral block reduce that following breast ca surgery (OR 0.37).
Maternal asthma control may be improved by multidisciplinary care, education and asthma monitoring.
Greater depth of anaesthesia may be associated with a higher incidence of wound infection, mortality and composite risk of complications.
Videolaryngoscopic view using the C-MAC is improved when the anesthesia assistant applying cricoid pressure also has access to see the C-MAC screen.
Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular block has faster onset when a targeted intracluster-injection technique is used compared with double injection.
Ioannidis found that earlier disproven observational studies were still positively cited in 50% or more of peer reviewed publications, despite the existence of well-established contrary evidence.
To explore the future contradiction of highly-cited research Ioannidis investigated just under 50 of the most significant and highly regarded medical research findings from 1990 to 2003. Of 45 that concluded their interventions were effective, 34 had had their hypothesis retested. Of these 34, over 40% (14) were subsequently shown to be incorrect or exaggerated. Forty percent of some of the most highly regarded, practice-changing medical evidence from the 20th century subsequently disproven!
Ioannidis demonstrated that 80% of non-randomized studies were wrong, and among randomized controlled studies 25% were incorrect. Even large, multicenter, randomized clinical trials were predictably wrong in 10% of studies.
Rotating through 180o assists intubation with a double lumen tube while reducing sore throat and vocal cord injuries.
Use of a surgical safety checklist is associated with a reduction in all complications, and specifically with wound infection and blood loss.