Created May 21, 2015, last updated about 1 year ago.
Collection: 6, Score: 2177, Trend score: 0, Read count: 2194, Articles count: 13, Created: 2015-05-21 02:07:40 UTC. Updated: 2022-05-17 02:23:12 UTC.
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Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study
A Randomized Control Trial of Bupivacaine and Fentanyl versus Fentanyl-only for Epidural Analgesia during the Second Stage of Labor.
Fentanyl-only epidural infusion shows no benefit over fentanyl/bupiv in respect to duration of labor, motor block, delivery, analgesia, or outcomes.pearl
Anesthesia and analgesia · Jan 2013Review Meta Analysis Comparative Study
Intermittent epidural bolus compared with continuous epidural infusions for labor analgesia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Intermittent epidural bolus when compared with continuous epidural infusion for labour analgesia results in slightly reduced local anaesthetic use and a small improvement in maternal satisfaction. Caesarean section and instrumental delivery rates were not significantly statistically different.summary
Extending epidural analgesia for emergency Caesarean section: a meta-analysis.
Lidocaine with epinephrine is the most optimal solution for epidural top-up for emergency caesarean section. Adding fentanyl further speeds onset.pearl
Int J Obstet Anesth · Oct 2012Review Meta Analysis
Risk factors for failed conversion of labor epidural analgesia to cesarean delivery anesthesia: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational trials.
Multiple labour epidural top-up boluses, caesarean section urgency or care by non-obstetric anaesthetists increase risk of failed epi anaesthesia.pearl
Int J Obstet Anesth · Oct 2010Randomized Controlled Trial
Ultrasound decreases the failed labor epidural rate in resident trainees.
Epidural analgesia is widely used for pain relief during labor. The purpose of this study was to determine if ultrasound measurement of the depth from skin to epidural space before the epidural technique decreases the failure rate of labor analgesia. A secondary objective was to correlate ultrasound depth to the epidural space with actual depth of the needle at placement. ⋯ Ultrasound measurement of the epidural space depth before epidural technique placement decreases the rate of epidural catheter replacements for failed labor analgesia, and reduces the number of epidural attempts when performed by first year residents and compared to attempts without ultrasound guidance.
Int J Obstet Anesth · Apr 2011Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study
A randomised comparison of intravenous remifentanil patient-controlled analgesia with epidural ropivacaine/sufentanil during labour.
The μ-opioid agonist remifentanil has a rapid onset and offset and a short half-life making it an attractive option for intravenous patient-controlled labour analgesia. We aimed to compare the efficacy of intravenous remifentanil patient-controlled analgesia with epidural ropivacaine/sufentanil during labour. ⋯ In the 20 patients recruited to this study, pain relief in labour with epidural ropivacaine/sufentanil was more effective than with intravenous remifentanil patient-controlled analgesia.
Int J Obstet Anesth · Jan 2012Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study
A prospective controlled study of continuous spinal analgesia versus repeat epidural analgesia after accidental dural puncture in labour.
After accidental dural puncture in labour it is suggested that inserting an intrathecal catheter and converting to spinal analgesia reduces postdural puncture headache and epidural blood patch rates. This treatment has never been tested in a controlled manner. ⋯ Converting to spinal analgesia after accidental dural puncture did not reduce the incidence of headache or blood patch, but was associated with easier establishment of neuraxial analgesia for labour. The most significant factor increasing headache and blood patch rates was the use of a 16-gauge compared to an 18-gauge epidural needle.
Int J Obstet Anesth · Oct 2010Randomized Controlled Trial Comparative Study
A randomized comparison of automated intermittent mandatory boluses with a basal infusion in combination with patient-controlled epidural analgesia for labor and delivery.
Automated mandatory boluses (AMB), when used in place of a continuous basal infusion, have been shown to reduce overall local anesthetic consumption without compromising analgesic efficacy in patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA). We hypothesized that our PCEA+AMB regimen could result in a reduction of breakthrough pain requiring epidural supplementation in comparison with PCEA with a basal infusion (PCEA+BI). ⋯ PCEA+AMB, when compared to PCEA+BI, confers greater patient satisfaction and a longer duration of effective analgesia after CSE despite reduced analgesic consumption.
Randomized Controlled Trial Clinical Trial
A double blinded randomised placebo-controlled study of intramuscular pethidine for pain relief in the first stage of labour.
It has recently been suggested that systemic pethidine is ineffective in relieving labour pain. This study aims to evaluate the analgesic efficacy of pethidine in labour. ⋯ Systemic pethidine was more effective at relieving labour pain than placebo. Its analgesic effect, however, was modest.
Cochrane Db Syst Rev · Jan 2014Review Meta Analysis
Early versus late initiation of epidural analgesia for labour.
High level evidence does not show any clinically meaningful difference for early vs late labour epidural analgesia, whether on maternal or neonatal outcomes.pearl
Randomized Controlled Trial Multicenter Study Comparative Study
Patient controlled analgesia with remifentanil versus epidural analgesia in labour: randomised multicentre equivalence trial.
To determine women's satisfaction with pain relief using patient controlled analgesia with remifentanil compared with epidural analgesia during labour. ⋯ In women in labour, patient controlled analgesia with remifentanil is not equivalent to epidural analgesia with respect to scores on satisfaction with pain relief. Satisfaction with pain relief was significantly higher in women who were allocated to and received epidural analgesia.
Use of Labor Neuraxial Analgesia for Vaginal Delivery and Severe Maternal Morbidity.
Addressing severe maternal morbidity (SMM) is a public health priority in the US. Use of labor neuraxial analgesia for vaginal delivery is suggested to reduce the risk of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), the leading cause of preventable severe maternal morbidity. ⋯ Findings from this study suggest that use of neuraxial analgesia for vaginal delivery is associated with a 14% decrease in the risk of SMM. Increasing access to and utilization of labor neuraxial analgesia may contribute to improving maternal health outcomes.
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