For non-mastectomy breast surgery the PECS II block is no better than surgical local infiltration.
Using a flexible reinforced laryngeal mask is non-inferior to endotracheal intubation for thyroid surgery when considering only peak airway pressure and end-tidal CO2.
Current evidence is too limited to conclude any significant difference between phenylephrine and noradrenaline for managing CS hypotension due to spinal anaesthesia.
Fascinating introspection from an experienced psychiatrist on the ways the pandemic has subtly (and perhaps not-so-subtly) changed his interactions with patients and his perspective on his role as caregiver.
"...among the many unknown — and potentially positive — outcomes of the pandemic, one may be the more widespread realization that “acting like a doctor” ideally involves less acting and more authenticity."
Automated robotic intubation of the trachea is feasible.
Pre-operative anaemia is associated with increased mortality, prolonged hospital stay and return to theatre in patients having emergency laparotomy.
Intraoperative intravenous lidocaine infusion reduces early catheter-related bladder pain and 24 hour opioid requirements in patients having transurethral resection of bladder tumours.
Ketamine, propofol and volatile anaesthetic agents appear to have antidepressant effects.
Epidural analgesia can no longer be routinely recommended as standard of care as part of abdominal surgery ERAS protocols.
Epidural analgesia offers only modest analgesic improvement over IV PCA following abdominal surgery, and is unlikely to be clinically significant.