Intraoperative intravenous lidocaine infusion reduces early catheter-related bladder pain and 24 hour opioid requirements in patients having transurethral resection of bladder tumours.
Ketamine, propofol and volatile anaesthetic agents appear to have antidepressant effects.
Epidural analgesia can no longer be routinely recommended as standard of care as part of abdominal surgery ERAS protocols.
Epidural analgesia offers only modest analgesic improvement over IV PCA following abdominal surgery, and is unlikely to be clinically significant.
Anti-contagion policies such as lockdowns averted roughly 530 million coronavirus infections across China, South Korea, Italy, Iran, France and the US.
Non-pharmaceutical interventions, such as lockdowns, have had a large effect on reducing coronavirus transmission through European countries.
For cesarean section under spinal, addition of intrathecal fentanyl to bupivacaine, with or without morphine, may improve intraop & immediate postop analgesia, but increases pruritis incidence.
Survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest has improved globally over the last four decades.
Atelectasis during general anaesthesia increases with age up to 50 years and BMI up to 30 kg/m2, but appears curiously limited beyond this.
It is still uncertain whether intraoperative PEEP actually reduces postoperative respiratory complications.