After total knee joint replacement, surgical infiltration with local anaesthesia gives better analgesia with fewer side effects than intrathecal morphine.
Intermittent epidural bolus when compared with continuous epidural infusion for labour analgesia results in slightly reduced local anaesthetic use and a small improvement in maternal satisfaction. Caesarean section and instrumental delivery rates were not significantly statistically different.
The use of a cognitive aid improves the performance of non-technical skills during simulated 'can't intubate, can't oxygenate' crisis.
Quadriceps strength is better preserved after adductor canal block for total knee arthroplasty than femoral nerve block with similar analgesic effect.
Cyclosporine administered at the time of cardiac reperfusion may reduce reperfusion injury from CPB, although with uncertain clinical benefit.
Desflurane and sevoflurane anaesthesia may be associated with reduced mortality after cardiac surgery compared with total intravenous anaesthesia.
Lidocaine with epinephrine is the most optimal solution for epidural top-up for emergency caesarean section. Adding fentanyl further speeds onset.
Posterior transversus abdominis plane block continues to reduce pain scores and opioid consumption at up to 48 hours, though with lesser magnitude.
Peri-operative systemic magnesium reduces postoperative pain and opioid consumption, although it is of uncertain clinical significance.
The Proseal LMA achieves higher oropharyngeal leak pressure and tidal volumes than does the LMA Supreme during elective laparoscopic cholecsystectomy.