Goal-directed haemodynamic therapy might decrease mortality, hospital stay & postoperative complications, yet only infectious complications & anastomotic leak show moderate evidence certainty.
Intrathecal 2-chloropocaine 3% is an acceptable alternative to intrathecal hyperbaric bupivacaine for cervical cerclage placement, providing a shorter time to sensory resolution and PACU discharge.
Prehabilitation may improve postoperative outcomes, but the evidence base is still sparse and uncertain.
Postoperative adjunct use of serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) shows a small beneficial effect to reduce acute & chronic post-operative pain and opioid consumption.
Routine postoperative noninvasive respiratory support does not prevent pneumonia in adults undergoing elective surgery.
Post-caesarean section local anaesthetic wound infusion reduces acute postoperative pain & hyperalgesia although had no effect on persistent postoperative pain.
Companion presence during labour epidural placement reduces maternal anxiety and improves maternal satisfaction.
In a rabbit-model of infant front-of-neck airway rescue, a cuffed 3.0 mm ETT was non-inferior to uncuffed 3.5 mm ETT for success & time-to-perform, but required greater force.
Prone positioning improves oxygenation & reduces mortality among non-intubated COVID positive patients, but does not appear to reduce the intubation rate.
Pre-induction high-flow nasal oxygenation may be an acceptable alternative to traditional face-mask pre-oxygenation, with patient-comfort benefits.